South Korean Nuclear Reactor KSTAR has broken world records by achieving an internal temperature of 117.7 million degree Celsius for 20 seconds. The temperatures achieved by this reactor is reported to have been hotter than the core of the sun.
The Korean Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) is the product of decades of advanced research programs into creating a sustainable environmentally safe energy source. Unlike typical fossil fuel or nuclear fission reactors, the KSTAR creates energy through nuclear fusion rather than nuclear fission where highly radioactive materials are bombarded with electrons to destabilize and the split the atom to achieve high thermal temperatures.
The KSTAR however, uses nuclear fusion similar to Earth’s sun to create energy. It achieves this by colliding non-radioactive light elements to such as Hydrogen to fuse together to create Helium, an inert gas along with extreme temperatures.
The KSTAR will be providing parts and data for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Rector (ITER) which will be going live between 2030 and 2035 which would aim to provide the basis for an international grid of sustainable energy for the world.