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China successfully lands its Martian rover on the red planet.

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China’s first Mars rover has successfully touched down on the red planet  following 296 days of flight. This marks the first time China has landed a spacecraft on Mars and the third country to do so after the US and Russia.

The probe named Tianwen-1  consists of an orbiter, a lander and a rover. It was launched back in July 2020 from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site on the southern coast of China’s Hainan province. Tianwen translating to “Questions to Heaven” is a nod to the scientific endeavor of the probe with its mission to unlock the secrets of the red planet. The rover on the other hand is named Zhurong after a Chinese mythological god of fire which resembles the Chinese name for the red planet.

According to China’s National Space Administration, the probe entered into the Martian orbit back in February 2021 but spent nearly two months surveying the Martian geographical topology before descending on to the landing site on the early hours of 15th May 2021. Geng Yan from the Lunar Exploration and Space Program Center of CNSA stated that  the crafts descent into the Martian atmosphere lasting about nine minutes was extremely complicated as there was no ground control and the whole process had to be done autonomously.

 The Zhurong rover has already started sending signals back to Earth indicating a successful descent and landing on the rough Martian  soil. The rover is currently at 109.7E, 25.1N, roughly 40 KM form the targeted landing area of Utopia Planitia. The rover is expected to spend at least 90 days on Mars (93 Earth days) conducting scientific experiments and searching for ice water on the barren planet. The utopia Planitia is believed to contain vast amounts of ice water. The 240.40Kg Zhurong rover contains six scientific instruments including a cameras, ground penetrating radars, magnetic field detectors and a laser capable of zapping Martian rocks.

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China introduces green and low-carbon construction guideline.

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China has revised their construction code to introduce green and low-carbon construction requirements. This was introduced in a bid to prevent unregulated expansion.

According to guidelines introduced by 15 government departments including Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the population density of built-up areas should be limited to 6,000 to 10,000 people per square Kilometer.

In addition to this, newly constructed buildings should be constructed in safe areas, away areas prone to natural disasters. The new guideline also restricts construction of civil buildings to match the capacity of local fire and rescue brigade. It also states that it may not be higher than 18 stories high.

The new guideline also emphasizes on preserving historic and cultural landscapes. This includes old and rare trees and other fauna.

 

Source: Xinhua News Agency.

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In Pictures: Mayor Dr. Mohamed Muizzu visits the newly opened Ihsaan Villi in Villimalé.

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China raises voice over illegal military intervention against sovereign states.

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China and a number of other countries has raised concern over military intervention under the pretext of human rights. They raised their concerns at the ongoing 47th session of the Human Rights Council.

Jiang Duan, Minister of the Chinese mission to the United Nations in Geneva, delivered a joint statement to the council yesterday. In it he stated that certain countries are conducting military interventions in sovereign states under the pretext of democracy, human rights and the “responsibility to protect”.

He stated that “These acts severely violate the universally recognized norms of international law, undermine the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the relevant countries, and damage world peace and security,”

He pointed out that such interventions have caused massive losses to the socioeconomic development of those countries along with civilian casualties and force displacement. He also stated that such military interventions are the “root cause of refugee and migrant crisis and regional turbulence.”.

He also added that “Certain countries even connive at their soldiers’ unlawful killing and torture of civilians in overseas military operations, which constitutes serious war crimes and crimes against humanity,”.

Jiang Duan urged the UN institutions to follow up  on illegal military interventions, and called out for the countries concerned to immediately cease their illegal military interventions and to make reparations for the victimized countries and their people.

Source: Xinhua News Agency. 

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