By Yu Xueyong, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim of the Chinese Embassy in Maldives
This year celebrates the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. On July 1, General Secretary Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the celebration assembly in Beijing.
In the speech Xi comprehensively reviewed the glorious history and great achievements of the Communist Party of China over the past 100 years, profoundly elaborated on the valuable experience accumulated in this historic process, especially the great founding spirit of the Communist Party of China, solemnly declared that China has realized the first centenary goal, and clearly put forward nine major requirements that the Party must firmly grasp in the new journey of learning from history and building a better future. The important speech received great attention and overwhelming responses from the international community.
The 180-year history of China since the modern era, the 100-year history of the Communist Party of China since its founding, and the 70-year history of the People’s Republic of China since its founding have all fully proved that without the Communist Party of China, there would be no new China and no great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. To learn from history and build a better future, we must adhere to the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012, under the strong leadership of President Xi Jinping, China has adhered to the Five-sphere Integrated Plan and the Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy, overcome a series of risks and challenges, and made new great achievements. In particular, in 2020, China took the lead in controlling the once-in-a-century Covid-19 pandemic and in reviving its economy and development, eradicated extreme poverty, and built a moderately prosperous society in all aspects, thus achieved the first centenary goal. For the first time, China’s GDP exceeded the 100-trillion-yuan threshold to 101.6 trillion yuan, about 17% of the world’s total GDP.
In the 100 years since its founding, the Communist Party of China has profoundly changed the course of Chinese history in modern times, transformed the future of the Chinese people and nation, and altered the landscape of world development.
In terms of foreign relations, the Communist Party of China has strived to promote the building of a community with shared future. The Communist Party of China, inheriting such beautiful ideals and aspirations of the Chinese civilization as “peace is the most precious”, “seeking harmony with all nations” and “the unity of the world”, has unswervingly pursued an independent foreign policy of peace. It has successively put forward and put into practice the five principles of peaceful coexistence, the path of peaceful development, the principle of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness with neighboring countries, the new type of international relations, the Belt & Road Initiative and other peaceful diplomatic policies and ideas, and has developed extensive cooperative relations with political parties, governments and peoples of various countries.
At present, major changes unseen in a century and the once-in-a-century pandemic are intertwined, and the factors of insecurity, instability and uncertainty have increased significantly. But no matter how the international situation develops and changes, no matter how well China is developed, China will always hold high the banner of peace, development, and win-win cooperation, adhere to the path of peaceful development and to the opening-up strategy based on mutual benefit and win-win cooperation. China will promote friendly cooperation with all neighboring countries including Maldives and promote the building of a community with a shared future.
Peace, concord, and harmony are ideas the Chinese nation has pursued and carried forward for more than 5,000 years. The Chinese nation does not carry aggressive or hegemonic traits in its genes. The Communist Party of China cares about the future of humanity, and wishes to move forward in tandem with all progressive forces around the world. China has always worked to safeguard world peace, contribute to global development, and preserve international order.
The 100-year-old Communist Party of China always gives its people the first priority and keeps the world in mind; China continues to develop and always pursues equality, mutual benefit and win-win cooperation. China led by the Communist Party of China represents great opportunities for the China-Maldives relationship. Over the years, the fruits of mutually beneficial cooperation between the two countries are gradually emerging in economic, social and cultural fields, strongly boosting the development of the two countries, and bringing tangible benefits to the two countries and their peoples.
Not long ago, Chinese President Xi Jinping had a phone call with Maldives President Ibrahim Solih. Xi pointed out that, since China and Maldives established diplomatic ties, the two countries have treated each other with mutual understanding and support, setting an example of equality and win-win cooperation between countries of different sizes. Since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, China and Maldives have been sticking together and helping each other. China is willing to continue to provide vaccines and other support for Maldives’ fight against the virus, so as to help the country prevail over the disease. President Solih extended congratulations on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China , saying that the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of President Xi Jinping, has become an important force in promoting equality, prosperity and cooperation among countries across the world. This is an important phone call between the two heads of state at an monumental moment in China-Maldives relationship, and is of great importance to the future development of relations between the two countries.
Next year marks the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and Maldives. China is willing to hold various forms of celebrations with Maldives to deepen the friendship between the peoples of the two countries and push forward bilateral relations. The Chinese side is ready to work with Maldives to continuously push forward the Belt and Road cooperation, so as to bring more benefits to the people of both countries. The two countries should strengthen mutual support on multilateral occasions, uphold international equity and justice as well as the common interests of developing countries, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.
Looking forward to the journey that lies ahead, we believe China-Maldives relationship will have a bright future. China is willing to work with the Maldivian side and actively implement the important consensus reached by two heads of state during the phone call. We are good neighbors based on equality and mutual trust, good partners engaged in win-win cooperation, good brothers who support each other all the time, and good friends who trust each other with all sincerity. I am confident that, with the joint efforts of our two governments and people, we will write an even more beautiful chapter in our friendly relations and cooperation!
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Remarks on Celebrating the 73rd Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China & the 50th Anniversary of the Establishment of the Diplomatic Relations between China and Maldives
This year marks the 73rd anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Over the past 73 years, earthshaking changes have taken place in China.
Since the 18th CPC National Congress in 2012, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has coordinated the overall strategy of the Great Rejuvenation of the Chinese Nation and the great change that has not happened in a century, have solved many tough problems that were long on the agenda but remained unsolved, accomplished many things of vital importance and long-term significance, and withstood the test of various risks and challenges at home and abroad. The Path of China’s development becomes wider and wider, the Governance of China becomes more and more mature, and the Theory of China becomes more and more prevailing. The Chinese people have successfully built a moderately prosperous society in all respects and fulfilled the first centenary goal. We are embarking on a new journey to fully build a modern socialist country, march toward the second centenary goal, and advance toward the grand goal of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
This year is of great historical significance in the development of the CPC and China, as the 20th CPC National Congress will be convened on 16th of October. This Congress will, in response to the expectation of all the Chinese people, set well-conceived goals and tasks for China’s development in the next five years and beyond, and it will draw an overarching plan for China’s future development. Having reached a new historical starting point, China will follow the Chinese path to modernization to achieve the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. China will work with other countries to make every effort for peace and development, shoulder the responsibility for solidarity and progress, build a community with a shared future for mankind, and embrace an even better world.
At present, the COVID-19 pandemic has kept resurfacing. Global security faces uncertainty. Global economic recovery is fragile and unsteady, and various risks and crises are emerging. The world has entered a new phase of turbulence and transformation. Changes unseen in a century are accelerating. At the same time, the world continues to move toward multi-polarity; economic globalization is deepening, and our societies are becoming increasingly digitized and culturally diversified. Indeed, countries are becoming ever more interconnected and interdependent. Peace and development remain the underlying trend of our times. Around the world, the people’s call for progress and cooperation is getting louder than ever before.
In response to the common aspiration of the international community for peace and development, and make up the global governance deficit, President Xi Jinping proposed the Global Development Initiative at the 76th session of the UN General Assembly. Putting the people at the center, this initiative is a rallying call to refocus attention of the international community on development and build a global community of development. At the recent High-level Dialogue on Global Development he chaired, President Xi Jinping announced several dozen concrete major steps to implement this initiative, generating strong impetus for accelerating the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
President Xi Jinping proposed the Global Security Initiative at the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2022. He called on the international community to pursue common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries, to abide by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, to take the legitimate security concerns of all countries seriously, to peacefully resolve disputes through dialogue and consultation, and to maintain security in both traditional and non-traditional domains. By putting forward this initiative, he has contributed China’s vision to reducing the peace deficit facing humanity and provided China’s input to meeting global security challenges.
As China has one-fifth of the global population, its march toward modernization has important, far-reaching significance for the world. The path that China pursues is one of peace and development, not one of plunder and colonialism; it is a path of win-win cooperation, not one of zero-sum game; and it is one of harmony between man and Nature, not one of destructive exploitation of resources. We will continue to contribute our input to meeting the challenges facing human development, and make our contribution to creating a new form of human advancement.
This year also marks the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the Maldives. Over the past half a century, China-Maldives relations have withstood the test of international vicissitudes and become more mature and stable. China and the Maldives have been upholding the spirit of friendship and neighborliness, treating each other as equals, conducting cooperation for development, supporting each other with mutual assistance and tiding over difficulties together. China highly appreciates the Maldives’ long-standing understanding and support for China’s just claims on issues concerning China’s core interests and major concerns, and China also supports the Maldives in safeguarding its sovereignty, independence and national dignity, and will continue to uphold justice for the Maldives at the international arena. The Maldivian government has a longstanding and firm commitment to the one-China principle. The China-Maldives relations have become a model of friendly exchanges, mutual benefit and win-win cooperation between countries with different systems and cultures in international arena.
In recent years, under the strategic guidance of the leaders of the two countries, China-Maldives relations have maintained a good momentum of steady development. In September 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping paid a historic state visit to Maldives and the two sides agreed to establish future-oriented all-round friendly and cooperative partnership, lifting the China-Maldives relations to a new level. In July 2021, Chinese President Xi Jinping had a phone call with Maldivian President Ibrahim Solih and reached important consensus on deepening and expanding exchanges and cooperation in various fields between the two countries, setting the direction for the future development of the bilateral relations. In January 2022, Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi paid a successful visit to Maldives with fruitful outcomes, opening a new chapter in China-Maldives relations. Maldivian Foreign Minister Abdulla Shahid visited China twice over the past year, which enhanced the mutual trust and friendship between the leaders of the two countries, and laid a sound foundation for the future development of bilateral relations.
As an all-round friendly and cooperative partner, China has been always strongly supporting the Maldives to speed up economic and social development and improve self-development capability. Recent years have witnessed fruitful results on jointly building the “Belt and Road” by China and Maldives. The China-Maldives Friendship Bridge is a landmark project of the “Belt and Road” Initiative. Since it opens to traffic 4 year ago, the bridge has witnessed over 100 million crossings by the local people and has dramatically promoted the sustainable development of Maldivian economy and society. As foreign minister Abdulla Shahid said the China-Maldives Friendship Bridge built with China’s assistance had brought enormous changes to the country and greatly accelerated the economic development process of the Maldives and befitted the Maldivian people. So far Chinese companies has completed more than 11,000 social housing units, which have contributed a lot in the improvement of living conditions of thousands and thousands of Maldivian families. Power generation and power grid connection built by Chinese companies meet 80% of all electricity demand of the residents and enterprises in the Greater Malé. Expansion and Upgrading of Velana International Airport Project will further promote the development of Maldivian tourism. The great contributions made by the Chinese side to the development of Maldivian economy and society will further enhance the solid friendship between the two peoples.
Looking into the future on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of diplomatic ties, the two countries should continue with the past and open up the future, promote all-round cooperation to a new high and write a new chapter for the friendly and mutually-beneficial cooperation with a more far-reaching eyesight and broader vision. In this regard, I would like to put forward the following 4 suggestions.
Firstly, both sides should blueprint and steer the future development of China-Maldives relations under the guidance of the important consensus reached by the leaders of the two countries.
Secondly, both sides should adhere to the valuable experience to ensure the steady and smooth development of the bilateral relations. Both sides should continue to respect each other, treat each other as equals, help each other with sincerity as well as support each other on the issues of our respective core interests and major concerns. China will continue to support Maldives in safeguarding its national sovereignty and territorial integrity and in pursuing an independent foreign policy. We believe that the Maldivian government will uphold its longstanding commitment to the one-China principle and firmly support China to defend its core interests.
Thirdly, both sides should deepen mutually beneficial cooperation in full scale so as to benefit the people of the two countries. In this regard, both sides should continue to push forward Belt & Road cooperation with high quality, speed up major projects and tourist cooperation. I hope the Maldivian side could finish ratification of China-Maldives FTA as early as possible in order to boost the post Covid-19 recovery of the Maldivian economy. We should explore new areas of cooperation in telecommunication, big data and marine economy. We need coordinate closely in international affairs to safeguard the international system with the United Nations at its core and the international order based on international law.
Finally, both sides should expand the people-to-people and cultural exchanges. We welcome more and more Maldivian youngsters to further their study in China. A Chinese language center based in Villa College has been set up now, which will further facilitate the Maldivians especially youngsters to learn Chinese language and culture. The visa exemption agreement of the two countries has come to effect. We believe that as the Covid-19 pandemic situation eases and the direct flights resume in the future, the people-to-people exchanges between the two countries will increase, which will further promote the traditional friendship of the two countries.
History has proved and will always prove that maintaining good-neighborly friendly relations with mutual benefit and win-win cooperation between China and the Maldives accords with the fundamental interests of the two countries and peoples, and benefits the peace and development of the region and beyond as well. We believe that with the 50th anniversary of our diplomatic ties as a new starting point, China and the Maldives will enhance mutual trust, expand cooperation and deepen friendship, jointly embark on a new journey of China-Maldives relations and promote the future-oriented all-round friendly and cooperative partnership between China and Maldives to a new level.
Finally, I’d like to take this opportunity to wish China enjoy prosperity and its people wellbeing and wish China-Maldives relations flourish in the future.
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