China saw its nuclear power generation capacity continue to enlarge in 2022, hitting a high of 166.3 billion kilowatts hours (kWh) in the first five months of the year, an increase of 4.5 percent year on year, according to data released by China Nuclear Energy Association.
China has 54 nuclear power units in operation, with an installed capacity of 55.81 million kilowatts, ranking third in the world.
Zhang Tingke, secretary general of China Nuclear Energy Association, told China Media Group (CMG) that “in the first quarter of this year, three more nuclear power generation units were put into operation in the country. The power generation capacity increased by 3.39 million kilowatts, up 6.6 percent year on year.”
As a stable and reliable clean and low-carbon energy, nuclear power is one of the important sources boosting China’s green development.
“Compared with traditional coal-fired power generation, each single one-million-kilowatt nuclear power generation unit can effectively reduce carbon dioxide emissions by more than six million tonnes per year, greatly reducing carbon emissions,” Zhang said.
China’s nuclear power plants
The Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Station became fully operational on Thursday, according to the China General Nuclear Power Corporation (CGN). Located in northeast China’s Liaoning Province, the power plant has a total installed capacity of over 6.71 million kilowatts.
With Unit 6 put into commercial operation, the Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant became the third largest nuclear power plant in the world. The six units can generate 48 billion kWhs of electricity a year, accounting for approximately 20 percent of the total electricity consumption in Liaoning Province.
South China’s Guangdong Province has the largest number of nuclear power generation units in operation in China. In the first quarter of this year, the on-grid power of Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station reached 11.372 billion kWh, up 4 percent year on year, and that of Yangjiang Nuclear Power Plant was 11.313 billion kWh, up 17.33 percent year on year.
In Lianyungang City of east China’s Jiangsu Province, six nuclear power generation units at the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant are currently in stable operation.
In the January-March period, power generated with renewable energy sources in the city was 14.409 billion kWh, up 34.3 percent year on year, with nuclear power generation accounting for 95.7 percent of the total.
Liu Yongsheng, general manager of the maintenance department of Jiangsu Nuclear Power Corporation under China National Nuclear Corporation, told CMG that “in the first quarter of this year, the electric power generated by our six units reached 13.701 billion kWh, up 35.75 percent year on year. The total power generation by the six units is expected to reach 25.458 billion kWh in the first half of this year.”
China to improve sci-tech services for rural population
China will launch a national campaign to better mobilize the science and technology sector to contribute to the country’s rural revitalization drive, according to a new set of guidelines.
Jointly issued by the China Association for Science and Technology and the National Rural Revitalization Administration, the guidelines specify a series of key tasks, including providing sci-tech training, lectures and industry-specific guidance to rural areas.
Sci-tech associations at all levels are called on to lead grassroots sci-tech workers to join in the work of rural revitalization.
The guidelines also require the relevant authorities to incorporate the construction of science popularization facilities into the overall layout of rural infrastructure, expand the service coverage of mobile science popularization facilities and build more sci-tech museums in rural secondary schools.
China’s Tianzhou-3 cargo spacecraft re-enters Earth’s atmosphere
Tianzhou-3, a cargo spacecraft that carried supplies to China’s space station, made a controlled re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere at 11:31 a.m. on Wednesday (Beijing Time), according to the China Manned Space Agency.
The Long March-7 Y4 rocket carrying the Tianzhou-3 blasted off at 3:10 p.m. (BJT) on September 20, 2021, from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site in south China’s Hainan Province. It carried about six tonnes of goods, including food items and spacesuits, to the country’s under-construction space station. Six and a half hours later, the cargo spacecraft docked with core module Tianhe at 10:08 p.m. (BJT) on the same day.
The Tianzhou-3 separated from the space station core module Tianhe on July 17, 2022, after completing all assigned assembly tasks.
It is the third mission of China’s Tianzhou-class unmanned cargo spacecraft and the second resupply mission to the space station after Tianzhou-2.
Shanghai firm receives urgent monkeypox virus test kit orders from WHO
Shanghai-based ZJ Biotech has received many urgent purchase orders from the World Health Organization (WHO) for its monkeypox virus test kit, and the company is now aiming to provide more support for accurate diagnosis and containment of the disease.
The WHO on Saturday activated its highest alert level for the growing monkeypox outbreak, declaring the virus a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
The test kit developed by ZJ Biotech can accurately identify monkeypox virus by measuring the gene segment of the virus by specific fluorescence method.
“Currently the best detection method for many infectious pathogens across the world is the nucleic acid test, which has an accuracy rate of over 95 percent. It can reach more than 99 percent for some individual diseases,” said Shao Junbin, chairman of Shanghai ZJ Bio-Tech Co., Ltd.
The monkeypox virus test kit manufactured by the company has been sent to 41 countries and regions around the world. Of these, 24 emergency orders from the WHO were sent to 21 countries, covering Africa, Europe, Oceania and Southeast Asia.
At present, the company is in close contact with the WHO and health institutions in many countries around the world, aiming to provide support for accurate diagnosis and containment of the disease.
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