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Samsung starts mass production of advanced 3-nanometre chips

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The new chips will be more powerful and efficient and will be used in high-performance computing applications before being put into gadgets such as mobile phones.

Samsung Electronics has become the first chipmaker in the world to mass-produce advanced 3-nanometre microchips as it seeks to catch up with Taiwan’s TSMC.

“Compared to 5nm process, the first-generation 3nm process can reduce power consumption by up to 45 percent, improve performance by 23 percent and reduce area by 16 percent,” Samsung said in a statement on Thursday.

The South Korean conglomerate last month announced a five-year plan to invest 450 trillion won (US$356 billion), saying it would “bring forward the mass production of chips based on the 3-nanometre process”.

The vast majority of the world’s most advanced microchips are made by just two companies – Samsung and Taiwan’s TSMC – both of which are running at full capacity to alleviate a global shortage.

READ MORE: Samsung’s blueprint features $356B investment, 80,000 jobs

Smaller, more powerful

The new chips will be smaller, more powerful and efficient, and will be used in high-performance computing applications before being put into gadgets such as mobile phones.

Samsung is the market leader in memory chips but it has been scrambling to catch up with TSMC in the advanced foundry business.

TSMC dominates more than half of the global foundry market, with clients including Apple and Qualcomm, while Samsung trails with around 16 percent market share, according to TrendForce.

TSMC plans to begin volume production of 3-nanometre technology in the second half of this year, and entered the development stage of 2-nanometre technology last year, according to the company’s 2021 annual report.

READ MORE: Apple becomes first US company to hit $3 trillion market cap

Source: TRT

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How Ukraine grain shipments process from Black Sea ports to Türkiye

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The Turkish-brokered agreement allows millions of tons of grain stuck in Ukrainian ports due to Moscow’s blockade to reach international markets. Here is how it works.

As the armed conflict between Russia and Ukraine raged on for months and Moscow blocked grain exports from the besieged nation, the world stared at a very real possibility of a global food shortage.

Ukraine and Russia are the two biggest wheat and grain producers, often referred to as the world’s ‘bread basket’, and their military conflict has already increased global food prices.

But the Turkish-engineered Black Sea Grain Initiative, a grain export deal signed on July 22 between Kiev and Moscow, finally became a reality, bringing a new dimension to the conflict and calming food prices. With the deal, both sides agreed on a grain shipment arrangement to export Ukrainian grain from the country’s Black Sea ports to international markets.

A newly-inaugurated Istanbul-based Joint Coordination Centre (JCC), set up by the Black Sea Grain Initiative and inclusive of Russian, Ukrainian, Turkish and UN officials, monitors the shipments’ safe journey from Ukraine to Türkiye, from which the exports will move to their next destination.

Last week, the first ship carrying a 26,000-tonne cargo of corn left the Ukrainian port of Odessa to reach Istanbul, where it “was cleared to proceed to Lebanon” on Wednesday after “a scheduled inspection stopover”, according to the JCC. 

Since Razoni’s departure, nine other ships have left Ukrainian ports for Istanbul for inspections, according to the Turkish defence ministry.

While Ukraine-Russia negotiations on the grain deal have long been a complicated issue, many people around the world concerned about food security wonder how the shipment process works.

Here is a brief guide to the process:

First step: Ships leave Ukrainian ports

First, the JCC-approved grain-carrying ships like the Sierra Leone-flagged Razoni, which was the first merchant vessel to leave Ukraine, departs from Kiev’s designated ports, according to the deal. There are three designated Ukrainian ports —Odessa, Pivdennyi and Chornomorsk—for the grain shipments.

The bulk carrier Razoni, a Sierra Leone-flagged ship carrying Ukrainian corn, starts its way from the port in Odessa toward Istanbul on Aug. 1, 2022. (Michael Shtekel / AP)

The grain deal does not allow empty ships and vessels to leave Ukrainian ports. For now, per day, only three or four grain ships can depart from Black Sea ports and Ukraine can export only three million tons of grain each month.

Prior to the grain deal, more than 25 million tons of grain were stuck in Ukrainian ports, according to Turkish Defence Minister Hulusi Akar, due to the Russian blockade, increasing food prices across the globe. After the Ankara-brokered deal, the grain prices decreased sharply.

Second step: Ships sail through JCC corridor 

Grain ships are using a JCC-secured maritime humanitarian corridor in the Black Sea until they reach Turkish waters. The corridor, which has been agreed upon by both Ukrainian and Russian sides, alongside Türkiye and the UN, serves to provide a safe journey for ships, protecting them from minefields and other possible dangers.

During their voyage, grain ships will be tracked via satellite and drones. According to the agreement, ships that turn off their signals and do not provide transparent information about port call points will not be admitted to Turkish territorial waters. Russia will also be able to export grain and fertiliser through the corridor.

Third step: JCC-led inspections in Istanbul

After reaching Turkish waters, ships should stop by in Istanbul for the JCC’s inspections. The JCC will proceed with its inspections at entrances and departure from Istanbul ports.

Istanbul-based Joint Coordination Center (JCC), which comprises Ukrainian, Russian, Turkish and UN officials, monitors grain shipments from Black Sea ports to abroad after inspections in Istanbul. (AA)

“A joint civilian inspection team comprising officials from the Russian Federation, Türkiye, Ukraine and the United Nations visited the merchant vessel Razoni this morning (Wednesday),” said a statement from the JCC, confirming that the ship’s crew and load are “authorised and consistent” with the information the monitoring centre received before it sailed from Odessa.

“This marks the conclusion of an initial ‘proof of concept’ operation to execute the agreement,” added the statement, meaning that the first mission’s success will be a good measure of assurance for next shipments.

During the inspections, the JCC team asked questions to the Razoni crew about how safe the journey was in order to assess the security level of the JCC-monitored corridor and gain “valuable information”.

“The JCC will use this voyage in its ongoing work on fine-tuning procedures and processes to enable the continuation of safe passage of commercial vessels across the Black Sea under the Initiative,” the statement said.

Fourth step: reaching international markets

After the grain ships departing from Ukraine are inspected in Istanbul, they will sail to their final destination in international markets.

Razoni is set to sailing toward Lebanon, an eastern Mediterranean country hit by a terrible financial crisis. But the ship has not reached Lebanon yet, according to Ukraine’s Lebanon embassy. After going through inspections in Istanbul, the other ships will also be set to their respective destinations.

Right now, Panama-flagged Navistar is going to Ireland and Malta-flagged Rojen is moving to the UK. Türkiye-flagged Polarnet already reached its final destination, Derince, a district in Türkiye’s Izmit, a Turkish Black Sea city.

There will be three other ships to reach Türkiye after Istanbul inspections. The two ships, Mustafa Necati and Sacura, will go to Italy and Star Helena will sail toward China.

Source: TRT World

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Applications open for Allied Community Fund and Education Fund

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Allied Insurance Company of the Maldives has introduced funding programmes under its community social responsibility initiative, Premium for Good.

At a press conference held at the company headquarters, the Allied Community Fund and Allied Education Fund were launched by General Manager Ibrahim Firushan. Speaking at the press conference, he said the programmes are an initiative that Allied has been planning with great hope and the aim is to provide a way for people in all parts of the Maldives to remove financial barriers to improve communities.

The Allied Community Fund is a funding programme that empowers people living in the provinces to make community-beneficial ideas a reality in six areas. Allied has opened applications for projects in the fields of health, social services, environmental protection, women’s and children’s rights, education and history. Applications should be submitted by email by August 31 and the four best ideas will be awarded USD3,250.

The second funding programme newly added to the Premium for Good framework; the Allied Education Fund is an addition to Allied’s efforts to strengthen the education system. The insurance company revealed the opportunities to apply for funding through the programme are beneficial ideas for students and teachers and applications should be submitted by August 31.

Launched in 2018, Premium for Good is a framework designed to sustain Allied’s community social responsibility initiatives.

 

Source: psmnews

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Moolee celebrates three successful years

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Moolee, the e-commerce platform of Ooredoo Maldives, has celebrated three successful years of connecting businesses and customers to enable a nationwide online shopping experience.

Moolee was officially launched in August 2019, and since then has belted over 20,000 deliveries across the Maldives including a vast variety of quality products with over 18 categories including consumer electronics, gaming products, books and stationaries, home and kitchen, and lifestyle products from over 50 reputable businesses.

To celebrate the new milestone and to thank its shoppers, Moolee has planned fun and interactive online engagement activities with exciting gifts throughout the month of August. More details of the anniversary activities will be announced on Moolee social media pages, said the telecommunications company.

Since the launch of the platform, Moolee has seen rapid growth and continues to prosper to provide its consumers a seamless digital shopping experience with its services like online payments, free nationwide delivery, easy returns, and genuine product availability for buyers to shop with confidence.

The platform also thrives in facilitating small business owners and online retailers to reach a bigger customer base with free nationwide delivery services. With many more small and medium enterprises (SMEs) coming on board Moolee looks forward to catering to a broader customer base with more products on the platform, Ooredoo Maldives said.

 

Source: psmnews

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