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Establishing working groups indicates handling of China-US relationship entering relatively predicable stage: experts

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As the Financial Times revealed Friday that China and the US are opening new lines of communication to tackle contentious issues, Chinese analysts believe under the potential mechanism, the two countries are likely to talk about South China Sea issues and wider maritime issues, economic and trade issues and other concern of both sides, through which the two powers can prevent misjudgment with tensions expected to be eased.

FT cited three sources as saying that Washington and Beijing will create two working groups to focus on Asia-Pacific regional issues and maritime issues, and a possible third group to focus on broader areas.

The report noted that US and Chinese officials are expected to flesh out the details in the coming months. But another source cautioned that the two sides had not yet reached a final decision.

Li Haidong, a professor at the China Foreign Affairs University, told the Global Times on Saturday that such a communication channel can effectively prevent misjudgment between the two sides over some key issues and emergency. He noted that misunderstanding and misjudgment is the most serious problem within the US’ current China policy.

Both visits to China by senior US officials and the establishment of the new working group indicate that although bilateral relations are in a very difficult moment, the handling of this relationship by both sides is gradually maturing and entering a relatively predictable stage, Li stated.

One of the biggest problems that impact the China-US relationship is uncertainty, which makes both sides hesitate to carry out in-depth cooperation at a practical level in various fields such as economy, security and diplomacy, he pointed out.

Another very big problem is the lack of mutual trust. The construction of communication channels will help both sides cultivate trust in some areas so that the relationship between the two sides can have a real effect, the expert noted.

The construction of communication channels come as the US remains provocative and aggressive against China on many affairs including the most sensitive Taiwan question.

The White House website recently announced that the US has decided to provide approximately $345 million worth of military assistance to the island of Taiwan. This is the first time the Biden administration has used the “presidential drawdown authority” to provide military aid to the island.

But Lü Xiang, research fellow at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes the Taiwan question would not be the topic to be discussed through the communication channel as this is a matter of China’s own internal affairs and the three joint communiques between China and the US have set the frame over the Taiwan question leaving no room for ambiguity.

But US has repeatedly tried to incorporate the Taiwan Relations Act or “Six Assurances” into its so-called one-China policy, and then put this policy into its Indo-Pacific Strategy, which is completely not a framework acceptable to China, the expert pointed out.

At the same time, the expert noted that as Washington made provocative moves over the question, Beijing could launch its own countermeasures, Lü predicted.

Although the details of the communication lines have yet to be released, Li said that on economic and trade issues, response to climate change, there is need to establish working group, and national defense and security issues where the two sides have many conflict points could also be discussed.

Also, South China Seas issue is expected to be discussed. For example, the possibility of the negotiation over the rules of encounter between the Chinese and American militaries involves the South China Sea or the wider waters cannot be ruled out considering the US has been making provocations linked to maritime issues, Lü noted.

Cybersecurity issue, US’ technology restrictions on China and its crackdown on Chinese enterprises can be also discussed in the hope that the US corrects its excessive and wrongful moves, analysts said.

When talking about Republicans in Congress hit the Biden administration for resurrecting high-level interactions with Beijing as reported by the FT, Lü pointed out that the Biden administration tends to use Congress to stonewall some issues, always claiming that they have encountered obstacles in the Congress. But in foreign policy, if there is no overwhelming congressional opposition, the administration is usually able to make its own decisions.

“I believe that Biden from the day he took office, he has sufficient resources and rights to reverse the deterioration in China-US relations. But it is a pity that Biden and his diplomatic team have made the wrong decisions in reinforcing some of the policies from the Trump era,” Lü said.

“I don’t think it’s too late for Washington to fix these issues and improve ties ,” he noted.

Source(s): Global Times

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Israel moves into north Gaza Hamas stronghold, pounds Rafah

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Israel’s tanks pushed into the heart of Jabalia in northern Gaza on Thursday, facing anti-tank rockets and mortar bombs from militants concentrated there, while in the south, its forces pounded Rafah without advancing, Palestinian residents and militants said.

The slow progress of Israel’s offensive, more than seven months after Hamas’ deadly cross-border raid prompted it, highlighted the difficulty of achieving Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s aim of eradicating the militant group.

Armed wings of Hamas and its ally Islamic Jihad have been able to fight up and down the Gaza Strip, using heavily fortified tunnels to stage attacks in both the north—the focus of Israel’s initial invasion—and new battlegrounds like Rafah.

“We are wearing Hamas down,” Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant said, announcing that more troops would be deployed in Rafah, where he said several tunnels had been destroyed.

Senior Hamas official Sami Abu Zuhri responded that the group would defend its people “by all means.”

Israel says four Hamas battalions are now in Rafah along with hostages abducted during the October 7 assault, but it faces international pressure not to invade the city, where hundreds of thousands of displaced Palestinian civilians are sheltering.

South Africa asked the top UN court to order a halt to Israel’s Rafah offensive, saying it was “part of the endgame in which Gaza is utterly destroyed.” Israel has denied South African allegations of genocide in Gaza and said it had complied with an earlier court order to step up aid.

The Gaza death toll has risen to 35,272, health officials in the Hamas-run coastal enclave said, and malnutrition is widespread with international aid efforts blocked by the violence and Israel’s de-facto shutdowns of its Kerem Shalom crossing and the Rafah border crossing with Egypt.

Israel says it needs to eliminate the organization after the deaths of 1,200 people on October 7 and to free the 128 hostages still held out of the 253 abducted by the militants, according to its tallies.

Source(s): CGTN

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President Xi: progress in China-Russia ties attributable to five principles

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Chinese President Xi Jinping said on Thursday that the progress in China-Russia relations is attributable to the two countries’ commitment to the five principles of mutual respect, win-win cooperation, lasting friendship, strategic coordination, and fairness and justice.

President Xi made the remarks during a joint press conference with Russian President Vladimir Putin, following their talks at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

Describing the talks as “sincere and cordial,” Xi said they had a comprehensive review of the successful experience in developing the China-Russia relationship over the past 75 years since establishing diplomatic ties.

The China-Russia relationship has become a prime example of a new form of international relations as well as good-neighborly relations between two major countries, Xi told reporters.

Non-alliance, non-confrontation, not targeting any third party

President Xi said China and Russia are committed to mutual respect as the fundamental principle of relations and always render support for each other’s core interests.

Xi said he and Putin agree that the key to the two countries finding a new path to growing relations between major and neighboring countries lies in mutual respect and equality, as well as steadfast mutual support on issues concerning each other’s core interests and major concerns.

“This is central to the China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for the new era,” he said.

The two sides will uphold the principles of non-alliance, non-confrontation and not targeting any third party, Xi added.

China and Russia will continue to deepen two-way political trust, respect each other’s choice of development path, and realize development and revitalization with each other’s firm support, he said.

Win-win cooperation

China and Russia are committed to win-win cooperation as the driving force of relations and work to foster a new paradigm of mutual benefit, Xi said.

Last year, the two-way trade exceeded $240 billion, close to 2.7 times that of a decade ago, he noted. “This is a good indication of the all-round cooperation of mutual benefit that continues to deepen between the two countries.”

Xi stressed that he and Putin agree that the two countries need to look for areas where their interests converge, tap into their comparative strengths, deepen the integration of interests and enable each other’s success.

The two countries need to make further structural improvements to their cooperation, consolidate the good momentum in trade and other traditional areas of cooperation, support the formation of platforms and networks for basic research, continue to unlock cooperation potential in frontier areas, step up cooperation on ports, transportation and logistics, and help keep the global industrial and supply chains stable, he said.

People-to-people and cultural exchanges

President Xi said that China and Russia are committed to lasting friendship as the foundation of relations and carry forward the torch of Sino-Russian friendship.

Both China and Russia have a long history and a splendid culture, he said.

“The works of Pushkin and Tolstoy are household names in China, and Peking Opera and tai chi are much loved by the Russian people,” said Xi.

By focusing on implementing the Roadmap for China-Russia Cooperation on People-to-People and Cultural Exchanges Before 2030, the two countries are expanding people-to-people and cultural ties, he said.

Xi and Putin have also set 2024 and 2025 as China-Russia Years of Culture.

The two sides have proposed a series of cultural activities that are down to earth, close to people’s hearts and popular among them, and encouraged closer interactions between various sectors and at subnational levels, so as to enhance mutual understanding and affinity between the two peoples, Xi said.

Multipolarity and multilateralism

China and Russia are committed to strategic coordination as an underpinning of relations and steering global governance in the right direction, President Xi stressed.

The two countries are firmly committed to safeguarding the UN-centered international system and the international order underpinned by international law, he said.

Xi said China and Russia should stay in close coordination and collaboration on multilateral platforms such as the UN, APEC and G20, and advance multipolarity and economic globalization in the spirit of true multilateralism.

With Russia chairing BRICS this year and China taking over the chairmanship of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization later this year, the two sides will support each other’s chairmanship, build a high-quality partnership that is more comprehensive, close, practical and inclusive, and build the unity and strength of the Global South, he said.

Dedication to political settlement of hotspots

President Xi said China and Russia are committed to fairness and justice as the purpose of relations and dedicated to the political settlement of hotspots.

The Cold War mentality still exists, and unilateralism, hegemonism, bloc confrontation and power politics threaten world peace and the security of all countries, he said.

The two presidents are of the view that it is urgent to solve the Palestine-Israel conflict, he noted.

The UN resolutions must be earnestly implemented, and the question of Palestine must be solved on the basis of the two-state solution, said Xi.

The two sides believe that a political settlement is the right way forward for the Ukraine crisis.

China’s position on the issue is consistent and clear, including observing the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, respecting the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries, respecting the legitimate security concerns of all parties, and building a new security architecture that is balanced, effective and sustainable, Xi said.

“China hopes that peace and stability will return to the European continent at an early date and stands ready to play a constructive role to this end,” he said.

On Thursday, the Chinese and Russian presidents also signed and issued the Joint Statement of the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation on Deepening the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership of Coordination for the New Era in the Context of the 75th Anniversary of China-Russia Diplomatic Relations.

The leaders also witnessed the signing of a number of intergovernmental and interagency cooperation documents.

Source(s): CGTN

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President Xi: relations with Russia have been moving forward steadily

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Chinese President Xi Jinping on Thursday hailed relations with Russia as the two countries celebrate 75 years of diplomatic ties.

With the concerted efforts of the two sides, China-Russia relations have been moving forward steadily, with enhanced comprehensive strategic coordination and further cooperation on economy and trade, investment, energy and people-to-people exchanges, at the subnational level and in other fields, President Xi said when meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin during large-group talks at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

Xi pointed out that Putin’s trip to China is his first foreign visit since he began his new term as Russian president, fully demonstrating the great importance Putin and the Russian government attach to developing China-Russia relations. China highly appreciates this, the Chinese president said.

Xi said China is advancing Chinese modernization on all fronts and moving faster to foster new quality productive forces through high-quality development, which will add new drivers to global economic growth.

Both China and Russia are permanent members of the UN Security Council and major emerging markets, Xi noted. It is the shared strategic choice of both countries to deepen strategic coordination, expand mutually beneficial cooperation and follow the general historical trend of multipolarity in the world and economic globalization, Xi told his Russian counterpart.

Xi said he believes the two sides should take the 75th anniversary of diplomatic ties as a new starting point, further synergize development strategies and continue to enrich bilateral cooperation, to bring greater benefits to the two countries and their people.

The Chinese president also expressed his readiness to work with Putin to jointly steer the future direction of bilateral relations and make new plans for cooperation between the two countries in various fields.

Source(s)L CGTN

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