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Why does the world need China’s new quality productive forces?

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Ever since its birth, the term “new quality productive forces” has attracted the attention of the world. One can’t help but wonder: What does China’s new quality productive forces mean for the rest of the world? Facts are the best answer.

“China really helped by reducing the cost of solar energy,” said Amin Nasser, Saudi Aramco Chief Executive, at the World Energy Congress, “because China has made these green products so affordable. They will help the West achieve its target of cutting carbon emissions to a net zero level by 2050.” At a time when the United States is busy hyping up China’s so-called overcapacity of green products, Nasser’s words reflect the rational and objective view of the international community. That is, the development of China’s new energy industry, a component of China’s new quality productive forces, should be welcome news as developed countries strive for their emission goals and many hope for a global energy transition.

New productive forces are supported by new technologies and new ideas. Not only will the major emitters benefit from China’s development of new quality productive forces, but the rest of the world can achieve a lot as China develops new productive forces and international technology cooperation can be promoted.

In Egypt, the China-aided EgyptSat-2 widely serves Egypt’s agriculture, afforestation, environmental disaster monitoring, urban construction and other related programs. In the United Arab Emirates, under the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, Chinese companies, especially technologically innovative companies in the fields of smart cities, clean technology, advanced manufacturing and so on, have assisted greatly in the local development.

In 2023, there was a 30 percent increase in the exports of the Chinese “new trio,” namely electric vehicles, lithium-ion batteries and photovoltaic products, which in the long run will help the rest of the world elevate their productive force to a much higher level.

A manufacturing base of electric cars in Hefei, east China’s Anhui Province, October 11, 2023. /Xinhua

Statistics also prove that China’s new quality productive forces contribute to world economic growth. Bloomberg recently reported that with the supply of affordable and clean energy Chinese products, the hope of global energy transition is just around the corner. Currently, China produces 50 percent of the world’s wind power equipment and 80 percent of the world’s photovoltaic equipment.

From 2012 to 2021, China’s green trade increased by 146.3 percent, injecting a “green impetus” into global economic growth. From 2011 to 2020, the number of patent applications for environmental technology inventions in China accounted for some 60 percent of the world’s total, and China is also one of the most active countries in the deployment of environmental technology innovation.

It is worth mentioning that in the process of energy transition, technological breakthrough is the key. Many countries have encountered bottlenecks such as immature technologies and integration difficulties in the process of green development. With new quality productive forces, China is able to provide innovative solutions, hence promoting technological progress and industrial upgrading of the whole world.

In fact, to develop in a much greener way is a major reason for China to cultivate new quality productive forces which support cost-effective, low-carbon, and eco-friendly development, ensure happiness for people, and promote the healthy functioning of society and a sustainable future for the whole world.

With robust technological innovation and a complete industrial chain system, China’s new quality productive forces can make green products more popular and provide affordable solutions for the whole world. It will at the same time ease the inflationary pressure caused by the rising cost of traditional energy. Chinese electric cars, 20 to 30 percent cheaper than those made by European manufacturers according to McKinsey & Company, are cases in point.

China has helped other countries improve their capacities to cope with climate change through technical support, capacity building and financial assistance. Deep in the desert of Abu Dhabi, the world’s largest single solar power station was completed by China in 2023, helping the UAE eliminate 2.4 million tons of carbon emissions per year.

In green development, China is an important partner in Africa’s energy transformation. It has implemented hundreds of clean energy and green development projects to support African countries in making better use of solar energy, hydropower, wind energy and geothermal energy, keeping Africa on track to achieve its goal of green, low-carbon and high-quality development. This shows that new quality productive forces are sustainability-oriented and good for the future of mankind.

Just as the invention of the steam engine brought about industrial development and the internet helped connect the world, the new quality productive forces are what the world needs now to achieve a new kind of development featuring better quality, higher efficiency and more sustainability. A country committed to the improvement of its people’s well-being will always welcome the idea of new quality productive forces and never take products which could boost the forces of “overcapacity.”

Editor’s note: Xin Ping is a commentator on international affairs, writing regularly for Xinhua News, CGTN, Global Times, China Daily, etc. The article reflects the author’s views and not necessarily those of CGTN.

Source(s): CGTN

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Over 2,000 beds expected to be brought to market in 2024

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Minister of Tourism Ibrahim Faisal has revealed that an additional 2,700 tourist beds are expected to be added to the Maldives’ tourism sector this year. He made the statement during an exclusive interview with PSM News.

Speaking to PSM News, Minister Faisal highlighted the government’s efforts to attract investors to the islands of the Maldives. He said that investor forums are being planned in various countries, with the first forum anticipated to take place in July or August. He also said that the initiative will be spearheaded by the Ministry of Tourism, the Maldives Marketing and Public Relations Corporation (MMPRC), and the Maldives Integrated Tourism Development Corporation (MITDC).

Additionally, Minister Faisal revealed plans for another investor forum in Thailand, with additional forums in other countries being considered. He stressed the importance of creating special arrangements to expand tourism into new areas and attract investors by reducing acquisition costs and offering other incentives.

Furthermore, Minister Faisal highlighted that 15 to 12 new resorts are expected to open this year. Based on current statistics, he said that it is estimated that 2,700 new beds will be operational by the end of the year.

The government is making efforts to expand tourism across different parts of the country, particularly in areas where tourism is currently absent. As part of the initiative, 19 islands across nine atolls have been opened for tourism development. Currently, the Maldives boasts 62,300 tourism beds, which includes 42,955 beds from 174 resorts, 14,461 beds from 860 guesthouses, and 1,198 beds from various tourist facilities.

Source(s): PsmNews

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Trade deficit widens, fish exports drop 41 percent

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The merchandize trade deficit widened from USD 669.3 million in the first quarter of 2023 to USD 768.5 million in the first quarter in 2024; reflecting stronger import and decline in exports.

However, compared to the final quarter last year, merchandize trade deficit in Q1-2024 registered a decline of 6%.

According to the Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA)’s Quarterly Economic Bulletin released on Tuesday, total merchandize exports – comprising of domestic exports and re-exports – register an annual decline of 5 percent in the first quarter this year, reaching a total of USD 131.3 million.

MMA reports that the fall in total merchandize exports was caused due to the steep decline in domestic exports – which has been observing decreases over the last two consecutive quarters as well.

Domestic exports – mainly comrpise of fish and fish products – plunged 41% in Q1-2024, registering a total of USD 31.5 million.

Central bank adds this decline was due to the staggering decline in the export earnings from frozen skipjack tuna, which observed a 64 percent drop – by USD 19.9 million – following declines over the last two consecutive quarters.

Moreover, this decline also in export earnings reflected both the 57 percent decline in the volume of such exports, and the 21 percent drop in skipjack tuna prices in the Bangkok frozen market during Q1-2024.

During the review quarter, frozen skipjack tuna in Bangkok market was priced at an average of USD 1.4 per kilogram – a decline from USD 1.8 per kilogram recorded in the corresponding quarter last year.

Besides this, declines were observed in the export earnings from fresh or chilled yellowfin tuna for the third consecutive quarter.

In the review quarter, export earnings from this commodity dropped by 57 percent (by USD 3.3 million) with the volume of such exports dropping by 55 percent, indicating a decline in unit prices.

Canned and pouched tuna exports saw the opposite trajectory, increasing by 5 percent during the review quarter despite a decline in the volume of such exports.

In tandem with these developments, volume and earnings from frozen yellowfin tuna exports increased, registering an 18 percent growth, a surge by USD 0.6 million), in the review quarter.

The fall in domestic exports was partially offset by the significant rise in merchandize re-exports during the first quarter this year.

In Q1-2024, merchandize re-exports rose by 18 percent, registering a total of USD 99.8 million reflecting the significant growth in jet fuel re-export – which had registered a 17 percent increment.

On the other hand, total merchandize imports observed an annual growth of 12 percent in the review quarter, registering a total of USD 899.8 million.

Major import categories saw modest growths, but was partly offset by a considerable decline in import expenditure on construction-related items; which dropped 9 percent during the Q1-2024.

Among the major import categories thar recorded growths during Q1-2024, the largest increase was observed for import expenditure on petroleum products, which rose by 25 percent – a surge by USD 41.9 million – mainly mirroring the spike in diesel imports, which recorded a susbtantial 27 percent jump (USD 34.8 million) in the review quarter.

Food items saw a growth of 14 percent (USD 23.9 million), while mechinery and mechanical appliances imports saw a 40 percent (USD 23.0 million) growth.

Import expenditure on electrical and electronic machinery and equipment registered a 43 percent growth (USD 19.0 million) during the first quarter.

Despite significant fisheries activities – from the country’s second largest economic sector – the relatively lower revenue receipts from the sector is an industry-wide concern, especially among the fishers who stand to receive the most significant brunt from adverse impacts.

Fishers’ woes do not end here as many face plight of long overdue payments owed to them by processed-fish manufacturers and canneries operating in the Maldives.

Source(s): sun.mv

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GoAir ordered to pay USD 3.6 million to MIRA

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The Civil Court has ordered India’s GoAir to pay $3.6 million to the Maldives Inland Revenue Authority (MIRA) within a month.

The verdict was passed on June 03rd.

MIRA, in its lawsuit against GoAir, sought to claim USD 3,580,588 in outstanding airport service charge, departure tax, and airport development fee in accordance to the Air Taxes and Fees Act.

The Civil Court in its order, demanded the now bankrupt carrier to settle the amount within one month from the date of the verdict.

As per the Civil Court order, GoAir is liable to pay outstanding departure tax from October 28, 2018 up to its last operational date, and airport development fee from April 2022 to March 2023.

According to the Air Taxes and Fees Act, and its supporting regulations the following charges are levied as departure tax;

$30 per foreign passenger in economy class, $12 per local passenger

$60 per passenger in business class

$90 per passenger in first class

$120 per passenger in private jets

Airport development fee:

$25 per foreign passenger in economy class, $12 per local passenger

$60 per passenger in business class

$90 per passenger in first class

$120 per passenger in private jets

Besides failing to appear in court for trial despite chargesheet and multiple summoning issued to GoAir’s local address, the carrier did not file any defence motion as well. The Civil Court issued the order in absentia of the airline.

GoAir operated scheduled flights to Maldives before the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020, and resumed operations later the same year before it announced a cease of operations in March 2023.

Source(s): sun.mv

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