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US ‘One China’ policy explained.





Indian land grab: Billion Rufiyaa loss to the people of Maldives.

Hamdhan Shakeel



TATA Housing Project

On 26th May 2010, under former President Mohamed Nasheed’s administration a housing project was signed between the Government of Maldives and Karagwal 18SG Developers Pvt Ltd. However, the agreement was shortly amended so that the project was handed over to Apex Realty Pvt Ltd, a joint venture between the Indian mega conglomerate subsidiary TATA Housing Development Company Pvt Ltd and Karagwal 18SG Developers Pvt Ltd, chaired and managed by Indian royalty Sri Atrey Sanyogita.

Under this project the company was initially tasked with the construction on 500 social housing units in two phases. In the first phase of the project 350 social housing units would be constructed and the remaining 150 units in the second phase of the project. However, according to state audit documents, the proposal was illegally amended to include an additional 55 units raising the total housing units to 555.

According to the agreement, the Government of Maldives will purchase the social housing units from the contractor at a rate of $ 72,500.00 per unit. Additionally, the Government of Maldives will also hand over two prime locations (Old Nadhee building plot and Odeon land plot) to the contractor to develop luxury housing units and sell at a price they deem fit along with the handover of Lh.Lhosalafushi to develop and operate a resort for 50 years without any land rent.

Absurd benefits for a simple housing project

Under this project the contractor was entitled to

  • Sale of the 288 housing units at Malé Grand and Malé Square at a rate of $72,500.00 per unit, bringing the total revenue to the contractor from the sale of the units to MVR 321,969,600.00
  • Ground and First floors of the 4 land plots without any rents and the right to profit from renting the commercial areas.
  • 117 housing units developed under the first phase of the project would be sold at a price decided by the contractor.
  • Odeon and old Nadhee building land plots would be handed over to the contractor to develop both social and luxury housing units and sold at a price solely determined by the contractor.
  • Contractor will be entitled to receive Lh.Lhosalafushi to develop a 35 luxury villa resort island and operate it for 50 years without any land rent.
  • Zero import duty for all material imported under this project.

Red flags

According to the audit report made in 2010, several red flags were raised from the onset on the agreement. The report noted that the agreement explicitly stated that the Government of Maldives should pay the contractor 20.13% price of the agreed amount at which the Government of Maldives would purchase the housing units. The audit report noted that at the time, this clause was against the competitive public bidding process of the government.

Moreover, according to publicly available data from the Government of India, TATA’s partner company and the original winner of the bid 18SG Developer Pvt LTD’s parent company SG18 realty was formed less than 6 months before they won the contract on 30th September 2019. And within 5 months’ time the company formed a joint venture with TATA Housing and landed a multi-million-dollar contract in the Maldives.

According to the Ministry of Economic Development, Apex Realty is owned by TATA Housing, SG18 Developers Pvt Ltd and its Chairman and Managing Director Sri Atrey Sanyogita. While TATA Housing has credibility and technical experience, it remains to be seen in how exactly a newly formed company managed to form a joint venture with an industrial giant and secure a multi-million-dollar contract all within the span of five months.

2012-2018: Change in administration and another chance at completing the project

Following President Mohamed Nasheed’s resignation and change of administration, the project went into hiatus with no progress throughout President Dr. Mohamed Waheed’s administration. After repeated negotiations, the Government of Maldives revoked the rights to the Odeon and Naadhee land plots.

However, President Abdulla Yameen restarted negotiations and in 2014 the agreement was amended. Under the new terms on 30th October 2014 the Odeon and old Naadhee land plots were once again handed back over to the contractor and the Malé Grand and Malé Square housing units was scheduled to be completed within 12 months. Amendments were also made to allow the company to develop and operate Lh.Lhosalafushi once they completed the whole project.

However, the contractor yet again failed to complete the project even when terms of the agreement were once again amended to give them an opportunity to once again to complete the project.


In the original agreement, in the event of a dispute the issue would be settled through a Maldivian court. However, the terms were amended just prior to the signing of the agreement, in 2010 to allow the contractor to submit the case at the Mumbai Arbitration Center in the event of a dispute.

However, the terms were once again amended under President Abdulla Yameen’s administration to settle the case at the Singapore Arbitration Center. However, since the contractor filed the case at the Mumbai Arbitration Center, they agreed to release their hold over the Odeon land plot.

Indian Land grab

Last week headlines were made when reports of the Contractor seeking $200 million as compensation for the Odeon and Old Naadhee land plots, were leaked. Public outcry was targeted at the contractor as both the lands has been vacant and left for the forces of nature since 2010.

The outcry changed into outrage when the Government of Maldives announced that it would be going into a settlement with the contractor. Under the settlement agreement the Government of Maldives would hand back the Odeon and Old Naadhee building land plots and sell an additional 360,000 sqft land at a price of $25 per sqft to the contractor to develop luxury housing unit.

While they are yet to announce exactly where the 360,000 sqft land would be given to the contractor, due to the obvious lack of space it is assumed that it would be in the Hulhumale phase 2.

Problem arises once again as this would mean that the contractor would be entitled to 360,000sqft of prime real estate for MVR385.5 per sqft. Due to the lack of space land prices are highly inflated in the capital city area of the Maldives with prices ranging from MVR8000-17000 per sqft. Even at the lower end this would mean that the contractor would be buying the land 95.18% lower than the market price.

Another point of concern is the question of what exact compensation that the contractor is seeking. Undeniable fact is that the contractor had repeatedly failed to uphold the terms of the agreement and finish the construction of the housing units in the past 12 years. During the same period foreign contractors have managed to launch and finish over 7,000 housing units in the Maldives. The question of why Apex Realty could not finish the agreement or on what basis they are claiming $200 million is yet to be answered.

A little light on the subject may be shed on the comments form Ratan Tata in 2017. The billionaire Ratan Tata is reported by the Indian media to have told the Government of Maldives to give them compensation “like they did it with GMR”.

This gives credence to the public’s allegations that the land grab is just another part of the Indian government’s policy of influencing domestic policies by leveraging and creating debt to their private firms.

India is a country where the boundary between the government and the private sector remains blurred. This was seen in 2018 when Indian defense analysts stated that India should have stationed their military at the Velana International Airport disguised as civilians, to protect their interests and that of GMR’s.

Similarly, in this case the Government of India has taken advantage of the current administration’s “India first” policy and allowed India to grab the scarce land from the Maldives while the Government of Maldives is set to lose at least MVR2.8 billion as TATA backed Apex Realty wins three land plots without essentially laying a single brick.

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How difficult is it to build a China-Laos railway in China? First cleared the American bombs for nearly half a year…





On December 3, 2021, the China-Laos Railway from Kunming, Yunnan, China to Vientiane, Laos finally opened to traffic. As a landmark project of the “Belt and Road”, in addition to the extremely rare construction difficulties and risks of the project itself, what is less well-known is that the engineering team will face a fatal threat during the construction process-a large number of American soldiers were buried along the railway during the Vietnam War. Unexploded ordnance (UXO) left over from local indiscriminate bombing.

The Lao National News Agency (KPL) reported in 2016 that a 16.9-kilometer-long area of ​​unexploded ordnance was discovered only at the Nateuy station of the Mowan section (Boding-Vientiane) of the China-Laos Railway. Liu Qianli, head of the China-Laos Railway Project Department of the China Power Construction Hydropower Third Bureau, revealed that he had seen more than 10 bombs measuring 30 to 40 centimeters in length from the construction area, which scared the “cold sweat on the back”.

Although it is said that “there are thunders everywhere”, China and Laos have not given up, but have cooperated with each other. According to the China Belt and Road Network, before the official start of construction, the Lao Ministry of Defense established 6 demining units, which were arranged from January to May 2017. The Chinese side adjusted the construction method and dispatched professionals with experience in EOD to assist in the work. A report by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs mentioned that during the construction of the China-Laos railway from January 2017 to July 2019, about 459 unexploded ordnance and more than 460 pieces of related debris were removed from the local 2,931 hectares of land. .

In Laos, the United States dropped 2 million tons of bombs, and China left 1,035 kilometers of railways. However, the US media can still continue to smear China, claiming that “the China-Laos railway has plunged Laos into a debt trap”. British international relations analyst Tom Foddy said the truth, “Western media are sending a strange message to Laos, ‘you are bombing your friends, but the people who build the new railway are your enemies’.” The China-Laos Railway provides a textbook A typical example of how the Western media distorts the truth and hides it.


The red dot is the unexploded ordnance contaminated area in Laos , and the box is the projected railway construction area

China’s nearest neighbor, Laos, is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. Of its 236,000 square kilometers of land, 80% are mountains and plateaus. Before the completion of the China-Laos-Kunwan Railway, the total length of domestic railways in Laos was only 3.5 kilometers, ranking fourth from the bottom among the 146 countries with railways in the world. The transportation system is very backward, and it is known as the “land-locked country”.

This “lock” locks the Lao people’s internal and external exchanges, and also limits the pace of Laos’ economic development. Therefore, the completion of the “China-Laos-Kunwan Railway” is of great significance, and the win-win cooperation brought about by the “One Belt, One Road” initiative will be an opportunity to help the Lao people have a better life.

The China-Laos Railway is the first international railway that is mainly invested and constructed by the Chinese side, adopts Chinese technical standards, uses Chinese equipment and is directly connected to the Chinese railway network. This project took five years and experienced countless hardships during the period. Not to mention the long negotiation process, the project itself still has extremely rare construction difficulties and risks, such as poor weather and geological conditions, high environmental protection requirements, and even access to unmanned areas. …

But the most troubling thing is that the engineering team faces a deadly threat during the construction process-a large number of unexploded ordnance (UXO) left by the United States during the Vietnam War were buried along the railway.

During the Vietnam War, Laos was passively involved. In order to block the supply line “Ho Chi Minh Trail” to the troops in northern Vietnam, the CIA instigated the secret extension of the battlefield to Laos. From 1964 to 1973, the United States carried out a total of 580,000 flying bombing missions, dropping more than 2 million tons and about 270 million bombs. Bombs, most of which are terrifying cluster bombs.

Cluster bombs, also known as “submunitions”, usually contain a large number of ammunition of various sizes. When the mother bomb is dropped, the opened projectile will spread over a larger area

In 9 years, 270 million, 2 million tons, which means an average of 8 bombs are dropped on Laos every minute, a total that is more than the number of bombs used throughout World War II.

At that time, the total population of Laos was only about 2 million people, which is equivalent to one ton of bombs for each Laotian, which also made Laos the country with the “most bombed per capita in human history”.

Each red dot represents a bombing

Later, the war finally ended, but the Lao people still lived in the scourge of the Vietnam War: According to the CBS report, 30% of the bombs dropped by the United States in Laos during the Vietnam War belonged to unexploded ordnance (UXO), and about 80 million bombs were destroyed. No explosion after throwing.

For decades, these unexploded bombs have been threatening the lives of the Lao people. Parts of the land in Laos cannot be cultivated because of the bomb threat. The national construction and economic development of Laos have been seriously affected. According to government statistics, from 1975 to 2008, more than 50,000 Laotians were killed by these unexploded bombs, most of them children.

Ironically, the entire US spent on clearing unexploded ordnance in Laos between 1995 and 2013 was only equivalent to bombing Laos for three days during the Vietnam War.

When President Obama visited Laos in 2016, he promised an additional $90 million to clear unexploded ordnance, but did not apologize for the bombing.

In recent years, with the education and help of all walks of life, the number of people in Laos who died of unexploded bombs has been reduced from thousands per year at the end of the war to dozens of people, but these unexploded bombs are still huge. hidden danger.

According to Laos’ Vientiane Times, in the 25 years from 1996 to 2020, the Lao bomb disposal team destroyed more than 1.6 million unexploded bombs on 70,000 hectares of land, and more than 4,200 large bombs alone. Complete removal could take 50 years or even a century. And just at the end of 2021, three more unexploded ordnance removal workers were killed in the explosion.

Because the bomb disposal team must probe the land inch by inch, and also need to protect the land to ensure future farming, it takes more than 2 months to detect 1 acre (about 0.4 hectares) of land, limited by efficiency and high expenditure, Laos The bomb removal effort has been slow.

This also makes the Mowan section of the China-Laos Railway already in the northwestern region where unexploded ordnance is not so widespread, but the density of local ammunition is still alarming.

According to a report by the Lao National News Agency (KPL) in December 2016, an area of ​​unexploded ordnance with a length of about 16.9 kilometers was discovered only at the location of Nateuy Station (Nateuy) of the Mowan Section (Boding-Vientiane) of the China-Laos Railway.

At that time, the Lao Ministry of Defense informed the Luang Namtha provincial government that one of the three villages the railway would pass through had unexploded ordnance that had not yet been cleared. They found a landmine in Nadui Village, and 70% of the Chinese companies whose survey work was in progress had to temporarily suspend work until the mines were cleared.

Almost at the same time, Liu Qianli, the head of the China-Laos Railway Project Department of the Third Bureau of Power China Hydropower, also rushed to the ancient city of Luang Prabang, Laos. After arriving at the project, he was stunned by the dense virgin forest and the roar of raptors and beasts from time to time in the forest.

But then what really frightened him to “cold sweat on his back” was the ubiquitous unexploded bombs in the deep mountains. After contacting the Lao Ministry of Defense for demining, more than 10 visually 34 or 40 bombs were discharged from the construction area. Centimeter-long bombs, “No man’s land is not scary. The scary thing is that there are many unexploded ordnance in this deep mountain and forest, which makes me feel unprecedented pressure.”

And Li Bin, commander of the China-Laos Railway Engineering Headquarters of POWERCHINA, who has 35 years of experience in engineering construction, also has a similar experience, “You can’t imagine the scene when I came here on the first day. The county magistrate took the militia to clear mines in front, The local villagers followed to chop down trees. The machinery could not drive in, so everyone walked in little by little.” “The unexploded ordnance here will not be exhausted in a hundred years. The construction process made people sweat.”


Li Bin shows a map of the unexploded ordnance area in the mountains of Laos from CCTV

It is no exaggeration to say that this may be one of the most dangerous railway projects in the world. But it is such a hard and dangerous “bone” that could explode at any time. China and Laos did not give up, but cooperated with each other and just gnawed it down!

According to the China Belt and Road Network, in order to ensure the smooth implementation of the project, the Lao Ministry of Defense deployed the People’s Army, and established 6 clearing units according to the bidding section to prepare relevant personnel, vehicles and necessary equipment to clear the unexploded ordnance in the marked area of ​​the project. The clearing work has been ongoing. From January to May 2017.

In order to avoid danger, the Chinese construction team also temporarily suspended construction to overcome the problem of increased project costs, adjust the construction methods, etc., and dispatched professionals with experience in detonation to assist in the work.

Pre-construction investigation, demining personnel are working in the uninhabited area of ​​the Mekong Peninsula. Picture from the WeChat public account “China Railway Eighth Bureau Report”

According to the 2019 China-Laos Railway Project Management Committee data, from January 2017 to 2019 During the construction of the China-Laos railway in July 2009, about 459 pieces of unexploded ordnance and more than 460 pieces of related debris were removed from the 2,931 hectares of land in the area.

The report also emphasizes that although this is only a drop in the bucket in front of the number of nearly 80 million unexploded bombs in Laos, and more funds and materials are needed to completely remove these “war legacy”, it can be seen from this that China’s “Belt and Road” cooperation can help. play a “substantive role” in the matter.

Tomorrow (January 3), the China-Laos Railway will usher in a “full moon”, and both passengers and cargo will be prosperous in this month.

According to statistics from the China Railway Kunming Bureau Group, as of December 31, 2021, the China-Laos Railway has opened 380 freight trains, carrying 150,000 tons of freight. The imported goods mainly include natural rubber, iron ore, and chemical fertilizers; the export goods mainly include vegetables, fruits, and mechanical and electrical products. In addition, the domestic section of the China-Laos Railway has transported 580,000 passengers.

As of December 20, the Laos section of the China-Laos Railway has sent a total of 22,000 passengers. Every day, many Lao people actively buy tickets, experience the positive changes brought by the China-Laos Railway to their work and life, and express their love and support for the railway with practical actions.

According to the Laos’ Vientiane Times, during the ride, the reporter found that many passengers would put paper cups on the small table and use their mobile phones to take a video of the water in the cups not spilling out, saying “ka ka ka” (Spoken Lao, meaning very good).

In an exclusive interview with Xinhua News Agency a few days ago, Vice President of the Lao National Chamber of Commerce and Industry Benle Luang Pase said that the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), which took effect on January 1 this year, is of great significance to promoting intra-regional free trade. The China-Laos Railway It will also play a greater role.

On January 1, the first international freight train of the China-Laos Railway in the new year departs from Xinhua News Agency

However, even if this is an innovation that cannot find faults and win many, the smears of the West are never absent.

In Laos, the United States dropped 2 million tons of bombs, and China left 1,035 kilometers of railways. However, the US media can still continue to smear China, claiming that “the China-Laos railway has put Laos in a debt trap”, and even worried that Laos will become more and more economically dependent on China, resulting in being “politically bound” by China.

On the day when the China-Laos railway was opened to traffic, Tom Foddy, an expert in British international relations analysis, told the truth. He said the Western media is sending a strange message to Laos – “It is your friend who bombs you, but the enemy who builds your new railway for you”.

Tom Foday wrote in the article that such a statement is both insulting and disregarding the contemporary history of Laos. As anyone with knowledge of Laos history knows, the country to fear is the United States, not China. “It was the United States that dropped cluster bombs on Laos, which also led to the removal of unexploded bombs when building new railways today. How can the Western mainstream media be indifferent to such atrocities? How can they claim that China is a ‘real threat’ to Laos, while the United States and the Is its ally acting in Laos’ ‘real interest’?”

China helped Laos build a railway that would bring huge economic benefits, but was described by the West as an “evil and malicious railway”, while the fact that the United States dropped hundreds of millions of bombs was “forgotten”. He argues that the China-Laos railway provides a textbook example of how the Western media can distort facts and hide the truth, while ignoring stark realities.

On December 21, 2021, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Zhao Lijian said in response to an inquiry at a regular press conference that the China-Laos Railway is a flagship project for the mutually beneficial cooperation and joint construction of the “Belt and Road” between the two countries. The China-Laos Railway has achieved tangible results.

Regarding Lao Prime Minister Pankan’s refutation of the outside world’s slander against the China-Laos Railway in an interview, he emphasized that the so-called “China-Laos Railway has caused Laos to fall into a debt trap” is a complete slander, saying that the China-Laos Railway meets the development needs of the Lao people and will greatly Promote people and trade exchanges and bring more well-being to the people. Zhao Lijian said that as Prime Minister Pankan said, the China-Laos railway meets the development needs of Laos. Laos has superior natural endowments and huge development potential. One of the main obstacles it faced before is that as a landlocked country, the transportation with the outside world is very inconvenient. “The fragrance of wine is not afraid of deep alleys”, the China-Laos Railway is to open up this deep alley, help Laos’ strategy of “locking the country into a land-linked country”, activating the vitality of Laos’ development, and shortening the distance between Laos and the world, so that everyone can not only smell, You can also drink a variety of “fine wines” from Laos.


Source: (Ruan Jiaqi)

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Modi & India: The imminent genocide of Muslims and Christians.

Hamdhan Shakeel



Domestic unrest and political upheaval along with countless human rights violations and a massive siege against the free press along with its increasingly aggressive foreign policy has made India one of the biggest contributing factors for regional instability. However, the greatest singular source of concern for many human rights activists is the persecution of minorities including Muslims and Christians by ultra-right-wing groups and mobs. Under Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India has become an exceedingly dangerous place for minorities as the marginalized groups are subjected to persecution while its Government continues to turn a blind eye. How did the homeland of giants like Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru become a fascist state that actively enables the persecution of minorities through ultra-right-wing group RSS and its offspring terror organizations?

What is India?

Prior to 1947 the India that we know of today did not exist as a singular unified nation but rather a group of princely states that were self-governed up until the arrival of the British in the region. While there were no formal unified government or political unity, the notion that the whole of India was a single nation existed since Vedic times despite the different races, religions and languages spoken by the people of the princely states.

Following the British partition of India in 1947 into the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan, all of the princely states acceded to either India or Pakistan, leading to the formation of the Republic of India led by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

What is the RSS?

In 1922 jailed politician and writer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar wrote one of the most influential and consequential books on the need for Hindu solidarity and social reform. His 1923 book “Hindutva: Who is a Hindu” laid the foundations of the Hindutva ideology and subsequently the political identity of the current ruling party BJP and that of its parent organization RSS. It was during this time that Vinayak Damodar Savarkar first met Nathuram Godse who would go on to join the RSS and later form “Agrani- Hindu Rashtra” and in 1948 assassinate Mahatma Gandhi.

Two years later in 1925, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar’s follower K.B. Hedgewar formed a paramilitary volunteer organization under the name of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) with the aid of his close ally M.S. Golwakar. The RSS would adopt the ideologies outlined in Vinayak Damodar Savarkar’s books on creating a Hindu Rashtra (Hindu nationalism).

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an atheist and his definition of Hindu Rashtra was devoid of religious sentiments, he attempted to unify his people through loyalty to the land and the culture. Ironically, K.B. Hedgewar’s RSS eventually came to fill the vacancy with Hinduism, leading the organization to become a “brotherhood of saffron”.

The paramilitary volunteer organization RSS was operated through a series of local branches (Shakha’s) through which they would recruit young Hindu men into the organization where a life of celibacy and life-long dedication to the cause were encouraged. The RSS would hold physical exercising sessions and philosophy and propaganda sessions for their recruits.

By 1947 the RSS had over 600,000 Shaskhas led by local Pracharaks (Dedicated RSS worker) throughout India. By this time the ultra-right-wing Hindu elements had taken a strong control over the organization and its ideology which were reinforced by its leaders.

In 1964 the Sarsanghchalak (head) of RSS M.S. Golwakar formed the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) with the aim of protecting Hindu temples, cow slaughter and conversion of Hindu’s to other religions. The Vishva Hindu Parishad would play a key role in the demolition of the Babri Masjid and in 1984 formed the now dreaded Bajarang Dal which provides shock troops for the VHP and its parent organization RSS.

The 1948 assassination of Mahatma Gandhi led to nationwide outrage against the RSS as the assassin Nathuram Godse was a member of the RSS as was his co-conspirators. According to Nathuram Godse, the assassination as carried out due to Mahatma Gandhi’s tolerance towards Muslims and Pakistan. This led to a nationwide ban against the organization and crackdown against its members leading to the imprisonment of over 20,000 RSS members.

According to close aides of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, it was during this time that he expressed his view that the RSS was the embodiment of the fascism.

The crackdown against RSS members led to M.S. Golwakar to re-analyze the situation and accept the fact that without political power the ultra-right-wing Hindutva ideology would never be realized and the notion of creating a Hindu nation would remain as such.

In 1951 the RSS would go on to form its political wing Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS). While the party did not manage to make any significant wins alone, it did manage to beat the Congress Party through a coalition with other parties.  This also meant that the BJS would not be able to translate its ideologies into policies and implement their Hindutva policies in India due to its coalition partner’s being parties backed by Muslim and other minorities.

This led to a significant division within the party as RSS loyalists argued that the BJS had betrayed its parent organization and its ideology. This ultimately led to the formation of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) which currently rules India with life-long RSS member Narendra Modi as its Prime-Minister.

Who is Narendra Damodardas Modi?

Born on 17th September 1950 after the partition of India, Narendra Modi joined the local branch of RSS at the age of 8. While he briefly travelled to the Himalayas in his youth, Modi spent his youth at the Hedgewar Bhawan (regional headquarters of RSS). Modi’s dedication to the cause and his talents were quickly recognized and in 1981 he was appointed as the prant pracharak of RSS, where he would be in charge of organizing the whole of RSS and its subsidiary groups in the state of Gujarat.

Modi’s quickly made his mark on both the public and the BJP leadership through his organizational skills and his oratory skills where he could effortlessly relate himself to the ordinary Hindu men and women. In 1986 BJP President Lal Krishna Advani brought in Modi as the Organization Secretary of Gujarat. His success in the position meant that by 1991 he was appointed the BJP National Organizer which allowed Modi to inject himself into the spotlight at every event where he would address the public as a common man who was forced to fight for the rights of the Hindus. During this time Modi was given the nickname of “Emperor of Hindu Hearts”.

This led to Modi garnering significant support in his native state of Gujarat where he quickly thrust himself into politics and was elected as the Chief Minister of Gujarat on 3rd October 2001.

Soon after on 27th February 2002 58 Hindu pilgrims who were coming back from the Babri mosque site attacked a group of Muslims on their train which was stopped at a predominantly Muslim neighborhood leading to a confrontation which left 59 people dead on the burnt train. Soon after then Chief Minister Narendra Modi stated against police statements that the incident was a “Pre-planned violence” against Hindus leading to the Gujarat riots where over 790 Muslims were butchered along with 254 Hindus, displacing over 15,000 Gujarati’s. Congress Parliamentarian Ehsan Jafri along with his two brothers were also butchered up limb to limb and burnt during the riots.

Subsequent investigations and eye-witness accounts led to Narendra Modi being labelled as the “Butcher of Gujarat”. The pogrom led to the Bush administration denying U.S. visa for Narendra Modi and he was unable to travel to the U.S. up until his election into the Prime Minister’s office on 26th may 2014.

Narendra Modi and the imminent genocide of minorities in India.

Under Narendra Modi’s rule, the RSS’s decades long dream of establishing a Hindu Rashtra were soon allowed to come intro fruition as Modi’s government actively aided in turning a blind eye to the rise of fascism and violence towards minorities.

While terror groups under the RSS target minorities and push for the government to limit the rights of minorities to protect their religion and identity. Their main concern is that the Muslims and Christians would take over the nation through overpopulation and conversion. However, statistics show otherwise.

According to the 1991 census of India, out of the 838,593,988 Indians 683,705,678 were Hindus while 105,746,701 were Muslims while only 19,455,380 were Christians. According to the 2011 census out of the 1,210,854,977 Indians 966,262,271 were Hindus while 172,304,663 were Muslims while 27,849,664 were Christians.  This would mean that within twenty years the number of Hindus in India increased by 282,556,593 while the Muslims and Christians only increased by 66,557,961 and 8,394,283.

Though this clearly shows that there is no threat posed to Hindus in India form minorities, Modi’s government continue to aid the targeted persecution of Muslims, Christians and other minorities.

Since 2019 at least 9 cases of Muslims being lynched to death by Hindu mobs have been recorded with dozens more unreported. Moreover, the public calls to slaughter Muslims and other minorities have become common place in India as the nation grapples with extreme polarization brought by Narendra Modi in his bid to consolidate more power through extreme loyalty.

At a gathering in Haridwar attended by BJP leader, Hindu leaders called to purchase weapons and called for the mass killing of Muslims. The meeting also saw speakers calling to kill millions of Muslims to achieve “victory” while others called to pray for Nathuram Godse.

While the BJP and Modi has remained silent so far, a second video of the speakers made rounds on the social media where they negotiated with smiling police where one of the Hindu leaders claimed that the Police were on their side.

While the comments are startling by themselves, what is even more disturbing is that these are not isolated incidents, targeted persecution of Indian minorities are taking place throughout the whole nation.

The absolute loyalty of the ruling BJP and its dependency on the polarized ultra-right-wing fascist Hindu mobs led by the RSS has created a deadly coalition for Muslims, Christians and other minorities.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s silence on the repeated persecution of minorities by the very organization which he has been a life long member of means that neither Modi nor his Government will protect the Muslims when the ultra-right-wing fascists mobs finally launch a nationwide genocide against the minorities.

The world needs to urgently address India’s fascism and the imminent genocide of its minorities. As India continues to destabilize the region through its increasingly aggressive and imperialistic foreign policies, both its neighbors and the wider international community must take urgent action against the Indian Government to ensure that a second holocaust does not taint the human history.

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