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New Blueprint for New Era, New Achievements on New Journey

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An Interview with H.E. Ambassador Wang Lixin by Maldivian Media on the 20th CPC National Congress

Q: On 22nd October, the much-anticipated 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was successfully concluded with worldwide attention. What is the significance of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China to the CPC and China?

A: The 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is an event of great importance. It takes place at a critical time as the entire Party and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups embark on a new journey to build China into a modern socialist country in all respects and advance toward the Second Centenary Goal. It is a congress of holding high our banner, pooling our strength and forging ahead in unity. The Congress, holding high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics and fully implementing the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, analyzed the international and domestic situation, reviewed the work of the past five years and the great changes of the new era decade, and explained the Chinese characteristics, essential requirements, and other important issues in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of our times and taking a Chinese path to modernization. The Congress has made major strategic plans for taking China on a new journey toward building a modern socialist country in all respects and advancing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts, clearly defined the course and action guide for advancing the cause of the Party and the country in the New Era and on the new journey toward the Second Centenary Goal. The report to the Congress is a political manifesto and a guide for action for the Communist Party of China to bring Chinese people together to secure a new victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is also a programmatic document of Marxism.

Q: What do you think is the most important achievement of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China?

A: The most important achievement of this Congress is that it has elected the new leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, which promotes and practices democracy throughout the process and reflects the common aspiration of the whole Party and the whole nation, establishing Comrade Xi Jinping’s core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole and establishing the guiding role of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. World history has repeatedly proven that a strong leadership core and scientifically advanced theories are the key to a country’s development and growth. With President Xi Jinping continuing to steer the ship and with the correct guidance of Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, we will certainly be able to achieve the development strategies and goals established at the 20th CPC National Congress.

Q: How does the 20th CPC National Congress review the work carried out in the past five years and the great changes in the past decade and in New Era China?

A: The five years since the 19th National Congress have been truly momentous and extraordinary. The Party Central Committee has pursued a strategy of national rejuvenation amid global changes of a magnitude unseen in a century. It has rallied the people and led them in solving a great number of problems that had long gone unsolved, securing many accomplishments that hold major future significance, and achieving impressive advances in the cause of the Party and the country.

Ten years have passed since the Party’s 18th National Congress. The past decade marked three major events of great immediate importance and profound historical significance for the cause of the Party and the people: We embraced the centenary of the Communist Party of China; we ushered in a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics; and we eradicated absolute poverty and finished building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, thus completing the First Centenary Goal. These were historic feats—feats accomplished by the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people striving in unity, feats that will be forever recorded in the Chinese nation’s history, and feats that will profoundly influence the world.

Q: Over the past hundred years, the CPC has successfully led the Chinese people in making great development achievements. What’s the secret to its success?

A: Marxism is the fundamental guiding ideology upon which our Party and our country are founded and thrive. Our experience has taught us that, at the fundamental level, we owe the success of our Party and socialism with Chinese characteristics to the fact that Marxism works, particularly when it is adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of our times. Since the 18th National Congress, the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has been committed to integrating the basic tenets of Marxism with China’s specific realities and fine traditional culture, and has put forward a series of new ideas, new thinking, and new strategies on national governance, and has achieved a new breakthrough in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of our times. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era is the Marxism of contemporary China and of the 21st century. It embodies the best of the Chinese culture and ethos in our times.

The historic achievements and historic shifts China has made over the past decade fully demonstrate the strong power of truth and great power of practice of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.

Q: What is the mission and task of the CPC on the New Journey of the New Era?

A: The 20th CPC National Congress clearly states that from this day forward, the central task of the Communist Party of China will be to lead the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in a concerted effort to realize the Second Centenary Goal of building China into a great modern socialist country in all respects and to advance the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through a Chinese path to modernization.

To build China into a great modern socialist country in all respects, we have adopted a two-step strategic plan: Basically realize socialist modernization from 2020 through 2035, and build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful from 2035 through the middle of this century.

Q: Could you please describe what kind of modernization the 20th CPC National Congress proposed as Chinese modernization refers to?

A:Chinese modernization is socialist modernization pursued under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. It contains elements that are common to the modernization processes of all countries, but it is more characterized by features that are unique to the Chinese context. It is the modernization of a huge population, the modernization of common prosperity for all, the modernization of material and cultural-ethical advancement, the modernization of harmony between humanity and nature, and the modernization of peaceful development.

The essential requirements of Chinese modernization are as follows: upholding the leadership of the Communist Party of China and socialism with Chinese characteristics, pursuing high-quality development, developing whole-process people’s democracy, enriching the people’s cultural lives, achieving common prosperity for all, promoting harmony between humanity and nature, building a human community with a shared future, and creating a new form of human advancement.

In short, Chinese modernization is rooted in China and oriented to the world, expanding the way to modernization for developing countries and providing a Chinese solution for humanity to explore better social systems, and offering a new choice for mankind to realize modernization.

Q: How will the new CPC Central Committee leadership lead the Chinese people to realize the Second Centenary Goal and to advance the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation?

A:President Xi pointed out in the Report to the 20th National Congress that building a modern socialist country in all respects is a great and arduous endeavor. Our future is bright, but we still have a long way to go. On the journey ahead, we must firmly adhere to the following major principles:upholding and strengthening the Party’s overall leadership, following the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, applying a people-centered development philosophy, remaining committed to deepening reform and opening up, and carrying forward our fighting spirit. All of us in the Party must forge ahead with confidence and determination; proactively identify, respond to, and steer changes and prevent and defuse risks; and keep on striving to secure new successes in building a modern socialist China in all respects.

On October 23rd, President Xi Jinping, who was elected general secretary of the 20th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) at its first plenary session, together with members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee elected at the session, met with Chinese and foreign journalists in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
On behalf of the CPC’s new central leadership, President Xi stressed, “On the journey ahead, we shall always keep an enterprising spirit. For our part, we must forge ahead with resolve and take on more responsibility. We must show greater historical initiative in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times, write new chapters in developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era and strive hard to achieve the Chinese dream of national rejuvenation.”

President Xi stressed, “For the people, relying on the people, is the position that the Communist Party of China will continue to uphold. We have relied closely on the people and made great major achievements. Looking to the future, we still have to rely on the people to create new historical feats. We will always maintain close ties with the people, stand with them through good times and bad, and continue working tirelessly to realize their aspirations for a better life.”

President Xi highlighted, “We must always promote the party’s self-reform. Confronted with new challenges and tests on the journey ahead, we must remain on high alert and stay sober-minded and prudent like a student sitting for a never-ending exam. We must not hold our steps in exercising for a vigorous intraparty governance. We must make sure that our century-old Party, the biggest in the world, will become ever more vigorous through self-reform and continue to be the strong backbone that the Chinese people can lean on at all times.”

Q: What impact will the 20th CPC National Congress have on the world?

A: As President Xi pointed out, today’s world is facing unprecedented challenges. China has always maintained that the future destiny of mankind should be grasped and decided by the peoples of the world. As long as we walk together, all countries will be able to live in harmony, cooperate and win together to create a better future for the world. Together with all peoples, we will promote the common values of peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom for all humankind, safeguard world peace, promote world development and continue to promote the building of a community of human destiny.

Just as China cannot develop in isolation from the world, the world needs China for its development. Through over 40 years of relentless reform and opening-up, we have created the twin miracles of fast economic growth and long-term social stability. The Chinese economy has great resilience, potential and latitude. Its strong fundamentals will not change, and it will remain on a positive trajectory over the long run. China will open its door wider to the outside world. We will be steadfast in deepening reform and opening up across the board and in pursuing high-quality development. A prosperous China will create many more opportunities for the world.

The success of the 20th CPC National Congress has sounded a clarion call for China to embark on a new journey and injected new impetus into the development of China-Maldives relations in the new era. Taking the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations as an opportunity to continue the traditional China-Maldives friendship, China is willing to work with the Maldives to enhance political mutual trust, deepen practical cooperation, strengthen people-to-people exchanges, enhance multilateral collaboration, and accelerate the implementation of the Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative. Holding dear humanity’s shared values of peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy, and freedom, we’ll build a brighter future for China-Maldives relations!

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President Solih ruling against wishes of the people: Nasheed

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Despite the electoral pledge by Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) to hold a constitutional referendum to decide on switching to a parliamentary system of governance, President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih is currently running the government against the wishes of the people, states MDP leader and Parliament Speaker, former President Mohamed Nasheed.
Nasheed, who has announced his intention of running in the MDP primary for the 2023 presidential elections against President Solih, travelled to GDh. Thinadhoo to launch his campaign Friday.

Speaking at a rally Friday evening, Nasheed said the decision by President Solih to run the government without holding a referendum was “a big mistake”.

He asked President Solih to hold the referendum “as was decided by the people”.

“I am calling for government to be run based on what the people want. The government must be composed based on what the people decide. I told the president that I wished for him to prioritize this when he began his administration. There are many inconsistencies in this. These inconsistencies will ultimately prove an obstacle to our development,” he said.

Nasheed said that MDP’s manifesto, which the coalition partners had endorsed, called for a referendum within the first 18 months of the administration.

It isn’t wise to make new pledges without first delivering the electoral pledge to hold the referendum, he said.

All government coalition leader except for Nasheed have since rejected plans to switch to a parliamentary system, citing that the current political and economic climate did not accommodate such a significant change.

Source(s): sun.mv

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Jiang Zemin’s great, glorious life

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BEIJING, Dec. 2 (Xinhua) — Jiang Zemin was an outstanding leader enjoying high prestige acknowledged by the whole Communist Party of China (CPC), the entire military and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups.

He was a great Marxist and a great proletarian revolutionary, statesman, military strategist and diplomat. He was a long-tested communist fighter and an outstanding leader of the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. He was the core of the third generation of the Party’s central collective leadership and the principal founder of the Theory of Three Represents.

Jiang’s life was a glorious and fighting one. During his revolutionary career of more than 70 years, he remained unswervingly firm in communist ideals, utterly loyal to the Party and the people, and resolutely committed to the cause of the Party and the people.

After the fourth plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, faced with the complexity of the domestic and international situations and the grave challenges posed by the serious twists and turns world socialism had experienced, Jiang led the Party’s central collective leadership — firmly relying on the whole Party, the entire military and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups — in safeguarding the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and successfully advancing the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century.

He made indelible achievements and won the heartfelt love of the whole Party, the entire military and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups, as well as the wide acclaim of the international community.

On Aug. 17, 1926, Jiang was born into a patriotic intellectual family in Yangzhou, east China’s Jiangsu Province. He was enlightened by patriotism and the ideas of the democratic revolution in his childhood. He was also deeply influenced by fine traditional Chinese culture.

In 1943, Jiang was admitted to the Electrical Machinery Department of the then Nanjing-based Central University, where he actively participated in patriotic anti-Japanese movements of progressive students. After China won the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, Jiang continued his education at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. In April 1946, he joined the CPC and became a communist fighter.

After graduating from the university in 1947, Jiang worked at a food factory in Shanghai. During this period, he engaged in revolutionary publicity-related work among workers and young professionals at night schools under youth associations.

Shortly after the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, Jiang served successively as first deputy director of Shanghai Yimin Food No. 1 Factory, first deputy director of Shanghai Soap Factory, and chief of the electrical machinery section of Shanghai No. 2 Design Division of the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry.

To boost efforts to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea, Jiang organized the production of canned food specially provided for the Chinese People’s Volunteers. He also oversaw the design of the first homegrown turbo-generator in New China.

In September 1954, Jiang was transferred to Changchun to participate in the construction of First Automotive Works. In April 1955, he went to the Stalin Automobile Works in Moscow for an internship. He returned to China in May 1956 and continued his work at the First Automotive Works, serving as deputy chief of the dynamic mechanics division, deputy chief engineer for dynamic mechanics, and director of the power factory.

In 1962, he worked as deputy director of the Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute under the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry, in charge of the organization’s research work.

In May 1966, he worked as director and acting Party secretary of the Wuhan Heat-Power Machinery Institute, where he became the Party secretary in September and organized the design of atomic power generation equipment.

In late 1970, he started to work in the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry. In 1971, he headed the ministry’s expert team to Romania, where he oversaw the construction of 11 China-aided factories.

After returning to China in 1973, he served as deputy director of the Foreign Affairs Bureau of the First Ministry of Machine-Building Industry and later became the bureau’s director.

In 1980, Jiang began to serve as vice-chairman and concurrently secretary-general of the State Administration Commission on Import and Export Affairs and the State Administration Commission on Foreign Investment and a member of the Leading Party Members Groups of the two commissions.

He was involved in the formulation of policies on expanding foreign trade, introducing advanced foreign technologies and equipment, and absorbing and utilizing foreign capital. He also oversaw the implementation of special policies and flexible measures in Guangdong and Fujian provinces and participated in the establishment of special economic zones.

In May 1982, he was appointed first vice-minister and deputy secretary of the Leading Party Members Group of the Ministry of Electronics Industry, and then minister and secretary of the Leading Party Members Group of the ministry in 1983.

He led the restructuring and technological transformation of the electronics industry, and pushed ahead the R&D and production of key projects concerning integrated circuits, computers, communications, and system engineering.

In September 1982, Jiang was elected member of the CPC Central Committee at the 12th CPC National Congress.

In 1985, he began to serve as mayor of Shanghai and deputy secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the CPC. In 1987, he was appointed secretary of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the CPC.

Jiang focused on the central task of economic development and made every effort to promote the reform, development and stability of Shanghai. He put forward the goal of building Shanghai into a socialist modern city that is open, multifunctional, industrially well-structured, scientifically and technologically advanced, and culturally advanced by the end of the 20th century.

In November 1987, Jiang was elected member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee at the first plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee.

In June 1989, Jiang was elected member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and general secretary of the CPC Central Committee at the fourth plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee.

In November 1989, the fifth plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee decided on Jiang serving as chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) of the CPC. In March 1990, Jiang was elected chairman of the CMC of the PRC at the third session of the 7th National People’s Congress.

At the 14th CPC National Congress in October 1992, Jiang delivered a report titled “Accelerating the Reform, the Opening to the Outside World and the Drive for Modernization, so as to Achieve Greater Successes in Building Socialism with Chinese Characteristics.” In the report, Jiang proposed establishing the guiding role of Deng Xiaoping’s theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics in the Party, and identified establishing a socialist market economy as a goal of China’s economic reforms.

In March 1993, Jiang was elected president of the PRC.

In September 1997, Jiang delivered a report titled “Hold High the Great Banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory for an All-round Advancement of the Cause of Building Socialism with Chinese Characteristics into the 21st Century” to the 15th National Congress of the CPC. It was made clear in the report that a basic economic system for the country’s primary stage of socialism is one in which public ownership is the mainstay and diverse forms of ownership develop together.

At the 16th CPC National Congress in November 2002, Jiang presented the report titled “Build a Well-off Society in an All-Round Way and Create a New Situation in Building Socialism with Chinese Characteristics,” which specified the objectives of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and stipulated the basic requirement in implementing the Theory of Three Represents.

The Theory of Three Represents enriches and develops the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and serves as a continuation, enrichment and development of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory.

Jiang stressed that it is essential for the Party to give top priority to development in governing and rejuvenating the country.

Noting that development is of paramount importance and that this strategic concept needs to be always upheld, Jiang said confidence is derived from prosperity while backwardness makes a country vulnerable to attack.

Jiang pointed out that building socialism with Chinese characteristics should embody comprehensive economic, political and cultural development, which will see comprehensive socialist material and political progress, as well as cultural-ethical advancement.

Jiang also stressed that it is imperative to properly handle the relationship between reform, development and stability, as reform is the impetus, development is the goal and stability is the precondition.

At the 16th CPC National Congress, Jiang expounded on the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way.

In the first two decades of the 21st century, efforts should be concentrated on fully building a moderately prosperous society of a higher standard for the benefit of well over 1 billion people, he said.

Jiang said that China would have to further develop the economy, expand democracy, advance science and education, enrich its culture, foster social harmony, and raise people’s living standards.

On the fundamental task of socialism with Chinese characteristics, Jiang said that it is necessary to give top priority to concentrating on the development of productive forces, thus continuously promoting the development of advanced productive forces.

Entrepreneurs and technicians of private sci-tech enterprises, managerial and technical personnel employed by foreign-funded enterprises, the self-employed, private business owners, employees of intermediaries, freelancers and people from other social strata that have emerged in social transformation are all builders of socialism with Chinese characteristics, he noted.

Jiang also proposed the vigorous promotion of knowledge-based innovation, as well as scientific and technological innovation.

On learning lessons from the demise of the Soviet Union and the drastic changes in Eastern European countries, and the Cultural Revolution in China, Jiang stressed the importance of adhering to socialism, and carrying out socialist reform to explore a path of socialist development that suits China’s actual conditions.

In the 1990s, with the tremendous courage of a Chinese communist to persist in making theoretical innovation and keeping pace with the times, Jiang defined building a socialist market economy as an objective of reform and set a basic framework in this regard. He also led the establishment of a basic economic system for the primary stage of socialism under which public ownership is the mainstay and diverse forms of ownership develop together, as well as an income distribution system under which distribution according to work is the mainstay while multiple forms of distribution exist alongside it. All these efforts helped break new ground in reform and opening-up in all respects.

To achieve development, progress and prosperity, Jiang said, China must open up to the outside world, promote economic, scientific, technological and cultural exchanges and cooperation with other countries, and embrace and learn from everything advanced.

China’s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) is necessary for China’s economic development, reform and opening-up, and the WTO also needs China, said Jiang, adding that the WTO without the participation of China, a country then with a population of over 1.2 billion, would be incomplete, which would not be conducive to world economic development.

China became a WTO member in December 2001.

Jiang pointed out that to achieve modernization, the key lies in finding a path of national economic development with relatively fast growth and relatively good economic results, shifting the economic growth mode from extensive to intensive, and maintaining sustained, rapid and healthy development of the national economy.

He proposed a new path to industrialization, driving industrialization with informatization and promoting informatization through industrialization.

The fundamental purpose of economic development is to improve the standard and quality of people’s lives, he said, adding that employment is crucial to people’s well-being.

Jiang stressed that to develop socialist democracy, the most fundamental thing is to uphold the unity of the Party’s leadership, the running of the country by the people, and law-based governance.

He underscored guaranteeing the people’s law-based participation in democratic elections, decision-making, administration and oversight, ensuring that the people enjoy extensive rights and freedoms, and respecting and protecting human rights.

Jiang pointed out that political structural reform is the self-improvement and development of the socialist political system. He stressed the need to base the efforts on China’s actual conditions, summarize China’s practical experience, and learn from other countries’ political achievements instead of blindly copying Western political systems.

On developing socialist culture with Chinese characteristics, Jiang stressed adhering to the goal of serving the people and socialism and the principle of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought contend, advocating the themes of the times, and promoting diversity.

He underscored closely combining the improvement of the legal system with ethical progress, and combining the rule of law with the rule of virtue.

Jiang put forward many important thoughts on the work of national defense and the people’s armed forces, and established Jiang Zemin’s thinking on strengthening the national defense and armed forces. He underscored following the overall requirements of building politically and militarily competent armed forces with fine conduct, strict discipline and strong logistical support, and focusing on the historical issue of ensuring that the armed forces could fight to win while never degrading in character. He also stressed unswervingly adhering to a Chinese approach of having fewer but better troops, and making them more revolutionary, modern and standardized.

In the 1990s, the CPC Central Committee and the CMC formulated the military strategy of active defense for the new period, and made major changes in the level of strategic guidance, shifting the focal point of military preparedness from handling local wars fought under general conditions to winning local wars fought under technological conditions, especially high-tech conditions. Later, it was further proposed that winning local wars in the information age should be the focal point of military preparedness.

The decision to prohibit military and armed police units, as well as judicial, procuratorial and public security organs from doing business was put forward by Jiang.

On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong returned to its motherland. On Dec. 20, 1999, Macao returned. Jiang went to Hong Kong and Macao to attend the handover ceremonies. The return of Hong Kong and Macao enriched “one country, two systems” in both theory and practice.

Jiang also pushed the two sides of the Taiwan Strait to reach the 1992 Consensus, which embodies the one-China principle. He also promoted cross-Strait consultations and negotiations.

In a speech titled “Continue to Promote the Reunification of the Motherland” in January 1995, Jiang stressed that adherence to the one-China principle is the basis and premise for peaceful reunification. In not promising to renounce the use of force, we are in no way targeting our Taiwan compatriots, but rather foreign forces conspiring to interfere in China’s reunification and the plots to seek “Taiwan independence,” he said.

Jiang put forward a set of thoughts on foreign affairs and international strategy. He said peace and development remained the themes of our era, adding that China would unswervingly pursue an independent foreign policy of peace with the purpose of safeguarding world peace and promoting common development. He also advocated active actions to build a multi-polar world, promote greater democracy in international relations, respect the diversity of the world and enhance exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations.

Jiang promoted the establishment of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the first regional cooperation organization set up with China’s participation and named after a Chinese city.

The Shanghai Spirit championed by the SCO — mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for diverse civilizations and pursuit of common development — has exerted an important influence on contemporary international relations.

Jiang pointed out that to do a good job of governing the country, the Party must first do a good job of governing itself, and that means governing it strictly.

He put forward the Party’s two historical tasks of both improving its leadership and governance, and reinforcing its ability to resist corruption and withstand risks.

He emphasized that the Party must always be the vanguard of the Chinese working class, the vanguard of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, and the leadership core in the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, representing the developmental demands of China’s advanced productive forces, the orientation for China’s advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the greatest possible majority of the Chinese people.

He said the biggest danger for the Party when it becomes the ruling party is its detachment from the masses and that resolutely opposing and preventing corruption is a major political task for the whole Party.

Underscoring the importance of adhering to the Party’s mass line, he demanded the Party do everything for the people while relying on the people in every task.

He asked officials at all levels to bear in mind the purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly and doing practical and good things for them.

He united and led the central collective leadership of the CPC in tackling a series of international emergencies concerning China’s sovereignty and security, overcoming difficulties and risks cropping up in the political and economic spheres and those brought by natural disasters, and in particular successfully coping with the impact of the Asian financial crisis and winning a complete victory in the disaster relief efforts during the floods in 1998.

In September 2004, the fourth plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee approved Jiang’s request to retire from the post of chairman of the Party’s Central Military Commission. In March 2005, the second plenary meeting of the third session of the 10th National People’s Congress approved Jiang’s request to retire from the post of chairman of the Central Military Commission of the PRC.

After retiring from leadership posts, Jiang firmly upheld the work of the CPC Central Committee and gave it his support. He showed care for the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and resolutely supported the efforts to improve Party conduct and combat corruption.

Jiang was personally in charge of editing and finalizing the first, second and third volumes of “Selected Works of Jiang Zemin.” These works include the representative and creative works of Jiang from the late 1980s to the beginning of the 21st century.

The Theory of Three Represents founded by Jiang is a guiding ideology the Party must uphold in the long run. It is also a precious intellectual treasure of the Party and the people.

As China embarks on a new journey, the whole Party, the entire military, and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups must follow the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core and strive relentlessly for building a modern socialist country in all respects and advancing national rejuvenation on all fronts.

Source(s): Xinhua News Agency.

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Small grant recipient organizations selected

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By: Fathimath Lauza

Bank of Maldives Selects Small Grant fund Organization .According to BML, the project was announced as part of its 40th anniversary celebration.

BML Small Grants Fund is open to organizations implementing sustainable development and environmental projects.

8 projects will be selected from the projects submitted and MVR 250,000 will be paid to each project.

Through BML Small Grants, 8 projects submitted by NGOs have been selected to win a grant of MVR 250,000 to carry out community-based projects around the areas of sustainability, climate change mitigation and adaptation.

The 8 organizations selected for this small grant are:

1. Maldives Ocean Plastic Alliance (MOPA)
2. Huvadhoo Association for Tourism (HAT)
3. Vaadhoo Association for Future Development (VAFD)
4. Kumundoo Revival Initiative (Kri)
5. Women in Fuvammulah
6. Small Island Research Group
7. Huvadhoo Aid
8. Kihaadhoo Development Society (KIDS)

BML is celebrating its 40th anniversary and is doing various activities.

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